Bhogi Festival, History, Story, Celebration

In this article, we have explained about the Bhogi Festival. It is the Celebration of New crops, Changing Weather and Human preparations.

Sankranti Festival celebrates for three days in South India. Bhogi is the first day of them. Bhogi Dhanurmas – the last day. There is a saying that Goddevi, born as an avatar of Bhudevi, who fasts for Dhanurma, incarnates as the wife of Srirannat, is called Bhogi.

Festival of the Gods:

The festival of gods or bhogis is the first day of Pongal, which celebrates for “God of Clouds and Rain.” Indra. The Indra is worshiping for the prosperity of the harvest, and the land is prosperity. Hence, this day is also called Indra. In bait, all the people clean the houses from top to bottom and remove all the unwanted items. These days are full of homework and family.

People clean and wash their houses, decorates with “Colam” – drawings on the floor, painted with white paste from freshly picked rice with contours of red mud. Often, pumpkin flowers place in cow-dung balls. A fresh crop of rice, turmeric, and sugar cane are brought from the farm to prepare for the next day celebration.


A special puja held on the first day Bhogi of Pongal before cutting rice farms. Farmers worship the sun and the earth, anointing their plows and sickles with sandalwood paste. It is with these blessed tools that the freshly harvested rice cut.


Another ritual that takes place this day is the Bhogi Mantalu, when useless household items throw into the fire ignites from wood and cow dung. Girls dance around the fire, sing songs for the glory of the Gods, spring, and harvest. The significance of the bonfire is that it must be warmed up in the last round of winter by farm waste and burning.

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Then comes Pongal Panai, a ritual in which new clay pots paint and decorate with turmeric, flowers and mango leaves.

There is another story behind the fire. From the day of Sankranti, the sun goes to Uttarayana. This causes a sudden onset of solar heat. The body is struggling to cope with this sudden change in ambient temperature. This can cause health problems, so the body prepares for the upcoming change with a bonfire.

One thing requires to note here flames are not just fireplaces — a case of fire worship. Therefore, elders offer some tips for wearing fireplaces. How sacred is it to burn home mani, to burn the sacrament. To do this, wake up and take a bath before sunrise. A pure person must ignite the flame. Also useful if camphor is burning.

Also, beware of fireplaces. Once upon a time, there were barns and old playing customs related to the bonfire. During the month of Sagittarius, homemade bombs and burrows use for bonfires. A little cow ghee was added to make them burn better.  However, the time has changed. Rubber tires and broken plastic chairs also burn for their refueling, gasoline, and kerosene use.

Such bonfires are causing heart and lung disease. The environment also pollutes smoke from materials such as rubber, plastic, gasoline, and kerosene. Like our ancestors, we could not use firewood, tree bark, or vigna. Adults are more likely to carry fireplaces than natural materials such as palm leaves, old wood, and dry branches. So make all four warm and healthy fireplaces! Otherwise, we must decide whether to combine the tradition of “flame” with fires of four years.

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