In this article, we have published an Essay on Rama Navami Festival in India, Traditions, Importance, Celebration.
Rama Navami is a spring Hindu festival celebrating the birthday of Swami Rama. As the seventh incarnation of Vishnu, he is crucial to the Vaishnava tradition of Hinduism. The festival celebrates the descendant of Vishnu as the incarnation of Rama, who was born to Dasaratha king and queen of Kausalya in Ayodhya.
The festival is a part of the spring Navratri, and the bright half of the Hindu calendar month (Shukla Paksha) falls on a ninth day. It usually occurs in the Gregorian months of March or April each year. Rama Navami is an optional public holiday in India.
This day is marked by the recitation of Rama’s story or reading of Rama stories. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are considered epic by Indian traditions. Some Vaishnava Hindus visit temples, others pray in their homes, while others perform bhajans or hymns with music as part of worship and aarti.
Some devotees refer to this event by taking miniature idols of Lord Rama, rinsing it, dressing it and placing it. Volunteer events and community meals are also held. This festival is an occasion for moral reflection for many Hindus. Some people refer to this day through fasting.
It is one of the most celebrated festivals. It is celebrated all over the country. But among those, the most important programs of the day are arranged at Ayodhya and Sita Samahit Stal in Uttar Pradesh, Sitamarhi in Bihar, Janakpurdhanam in Nepal, Bhadrachalam in Telangana, Kodandarama Temple, Vontimitta in Andhra Pradesh and Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu.
Rath Yatras, Shobha Yatras of the chariot, Sita, and his brother Lakshmana, also known as Hanuman, carry many chariots. In Ayodhya, many indulge in the sacred Sarayu River and then visit the Rama Temple.
Rama is the seventh incarnation of Vishnu. He is the oldest Sanskrit epic Ramayana. Continuous reading of the book takes place during the Chaitra month before the ceremony. As in Ram Navami, the highlights of the story are read in the temple.
The houses on Rama Navami are completely cleaned, and a family hall is been decorated with small statues of Lord Rama. Shrines and fruit offerings are placed on the memorial and prayers are recited after the initial bath.
To mark the day, followers of Hinduism can fast or restrict them to a particular food and do not eat certain foods such as onions, garlic, and wheat products. Celebrations at significant places associated with Sri Rama, such as Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh and Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu, attract thousands of devotees.
In some parts of India, there is a tradition of putting money on a tree, and local youths set up groups to try and claim the pot. It’s not as simple as it sounds. The base of the tree is covered with soft soil. As the teams attempt to reach the top of the tree by forming human pyramids, onlookers fire water jets at them.
The day falls in the ninth and final day of Chaitra Navratri (not to be confused with Autumn Navratri). It is the 7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu, celebrating the arrival of Lord Rama. It is recognized by the worshiping of devotees and hymns like devotion (devotional worship), fasting and reading the life passages of Rama.
Particular cities in Ramayana legends observe major celebrations about the life of Rama. While some places carry out chariot processions, others celebrate it as the Rama and Sita’s wedding anniversary.
The festival is named after Lord Rama, and the festival is usually devoted to Sita, Lakshmana, and Hanuman. Some Vaishnava Hindus celebrate the festival in Hindu temples; some practice it in their homes. The Hindu sun god Surya is a part of worship and celebration in some communities.
Some of the Vaishnava Sanghas recite Chaitra Navratri Rama, recite the Ramayana, and some temples hold individual discussion sessions in the evening. Temples and Vaishnava organizations run voluntary programs to help those in need and community meals, and for many Hindus, this is an occasion for moral reflection.
In Karnataka, Sri Rama Navami is also celebrated by local councils (organizations) in some places on footpaths, free panaka (jaggery and crushed muskmelon juice) and some food. In addition, Bangalore, and Karnataka; Sri Rama Seva Mandal, R.C.T Chamarajpet hosts India’s most prestigious month-long classical music festival.
The highlight of this 80s musical extravaganza is that Indian classical musicians, regardless of their religion, come down from two styles – Karnataka and Hindustani – to present their music to Sri Rama and the assembled audience.
The Bhadrachalam Temple in Telangana is one of the main places of Rama Navami celebrations.
In the eastern Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand and West Bengal, the Jagannath Temples and the regional Vaishnava Samaj celebrate Rama Navami, and the summer is considered the day of preparations for their annual Jagannath Rath Yatra.
Devotees associated with Iskcon do fast in the daytime. To meet the needs of the growing local Hindu community; many Iskcon temples have introduced a more prominent celebration during the holiday season. It is always a notable calendar event in the traditional honour calendar, with the additional requirements of the fasting of devotees.
Rama Navami is one of the Hindu festivals celebrated by the Indian diaspora with roots in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
For example, the descendants of Indian treaty workers came to colonial South Africa before 1910 to work in British-owned plantations and mines and then lived under the apartheid regime of South Africa, continued to celebrate Ram Navami by reciting the Ramayana, and by singing bhajans. This tradition continues every year in Hindu temples in Durban in contemporary times.
Similarly, the Hindu descendants of colonial-era contract workers brought by the British government from India in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, Jamaica, other Caribbean countries, Mauritius, Malaysia, Singapore, and many other countries do watch Ram Navami. Hindus also celebrate in Fiji and the Fiji Hindus who have migrated elsewhere.