In this article, you will read an essay on Jaishankar Prasad for students and children in 1000 words. This includes early life, career, major works, achievements, and death information about Jaishankar Prasad.
Essay on Jaishankar Prasad (1000 Words)
Mahakavi and playwright Jaishankar Prasad were, in fact, Amar Prasad of Mother Saraswati. In the area of Hindi poetry, after the name of Goswami Tulsidas, a person with a strong and very clever talent can be taken, so that name is Mahakavi Jai Shankar Prasad.
Early life of Jaishankar Prasad
He was born in 1889 in Kashi’s infamous ‘Suthani Sahu’ family. Father Shri Devi Prasad was renowned as the businessman of Sugandhi tobacco and was known as ‘Sunnathi Sahu.’ Jaishankar Prasadji’s father was not a writer, but he greatly respected artists.
At home, there were a lot of poets and artists. Of course, poetic and artistic interpretation profoundly impacted child Prasad. As a result of that influence, Jaishankar Prasad started compiling poetry in his upbringing and astonished everyone, and introduced his aptitude.
He researched at home only after a thorough study of fiction, philosophy, Vedas, Buddhist, Upanishads literature, and history-Puranas. Due to the deaths, first his father and later his elder brother, family, and company came upon them.
It is a matter of curiosity how well it should be observing this poetry while maintaining it well. They did not give up.
By creating compelling stories and poetry of poetry, novels, and essays, he made important influences in modern Hindi literature-making and development. Struggling with the rigours of life, inconsistencies, and remained in the literature until the end.
Early life of Jaishankar Prasad Poetry Career
Jaishankar Prasad started writing poetry using the penname of ‘Kaladhar.’ The original poem written by Jaishankar Prasad consisted of the collection named Chitradhar, which was written in the Braj dialect of Hindi.
Still, his later works are in the Khadi dialect or Sanskritized Hindi. Later on, Prasad promoted ‘Chhayavad,’ a literary trend in Hindi literature that fused romanticism with spiritualism.
Among the Four Pillars (Char Stambh) of Romanticism in Hindi Literature, he is considered one of the pillars (Chhayavad), alongside Sumitranandan Pant, Mahadevi Verma, and Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’.
His vocabulary mainly consists of Sanskrit (Tatsama) words and words derived from Sanskrit (Tadbhava words) and avoid the Persian element of Hindi. His poetry spans the whole horizon of subjects of his era, from romantic to nationalistic.
A New Foundation Laid
He had involved art and philosophy in his writings. He has chosen the title of his books of various names, which ranges from romantic to nationalistic.
The essence of classical hind poetry is described through his great writings; Himadri Tung Shring wrote the nationalistic poems. She became famous within the market, which led him to win numerous awards during the Indian independence movement. Kamayani is another written poem by him, which was also his most uncomplicated creation.
The tradition of that period and the contemporary poets, Jaishankar Prasadji, started writing poetry in Braj Bhasha. But soon, the upright dialect came into the field of Hindi. In Hindi, they are considered to be the initiator of shadows verse.
Along with it, these pioneers of modern drama literature are accepted. The poems are compiled, and the compositions are called Shadhadhara. This composition was printed in Hindi by the order in the vertical Hindi.
Achievements of Jaishankar Prasad
Kanan Kusum, Marunalalaya, Importance of Maharana, Prem Pathik. These are all the original concepts of Jaishankar Prasad Ji. They are only preliminary at all levels, prices, thoughts, and skills. Their different personalities can only be made in the next compositions.
The names are from their order – tear, waterfall, wave, love-path, Kamayani. The ‘ripples’ and Kamayani are the pillars of Pradasi’s Kirti. Both the works have remained unmatched to date. ‘Kamayani’ is considered the most famous poet of Hindi language and world literature after ‘Ramcharit Manas’ of Goswami Tulsidas.
After the poet, Jaishankar Prasadji’s second active form is the scriptwriter’s playwright. He also remodelled Hindi drama by making a drama called Sankh Gupta, Chandragupta, and Dhrvaswamini, by organizing a scene, Kalyani-introduction, Karunalaya, Pertinu Rajshree, British Ajatshatru, Kamana, Janmajay Nagian, and enrich him.
A new look of dimension is given. Contrary to the earlier Dwivedi period, a new foundation was laid.
Major Works by Jaishankar Prasad
Jaishankar Prasadji also created two novels called ‘Skeleton’ and ‘Butterfly.’ The third novel, named ‘Ierabati,’ was left behind due to his self-dependence.
In distinction to the shadowy Bhayabil poem, the natural form of their books amazes everyone. He also created almost 90 stories. They are compiled and printed in Stories-Shadow, Akashdeep, Echo, Gale, Indrajal-Name editions.
Through the plays and narratives, they have motivated to glorify India’s country and make the advanced, present, independent, and prosperous of the gift.
In the novels, live counting of the current life has done. He also created some critical-academic essays, which are considered important enough to be accepted.
In Hindi, his dramas are considered to be the most pioneering ones. Dramas like Skandagupta, Chandragupta, and Dhruvaswamini are viewed as the most famous works of Jaishankar Prasadji. His majority of works revolve around historical stories of Ancient India.
A number of them were also supported mythological plots. Interest in Jaishanakar Prasad’s plays revived in the 1960s, Shanta Gandhi Professor of Ancient Indian Drama at National School of Drama, for contemporary Indian theatre, by successfully staging his most vital play Skanda Gupta written in 1928, with little changes to the first script.
Mahadevi Verma, the poet-critic in her glowing tribute to Jai Shankar Prasad, said: “Whenever I remember our great poet, Prasad, a specific image involves my mind. A fir stands on the slope of the Himalayas, straight and tall, because of the impressive mountain peaks themselves.
Its lofty head braves the attacks of the snow, the rain, and, therefore, the scorching heat of the sun. Violent storms shake its circulating branches while a thin stream of water plays hide-and-seek amongst its root.
The fir holds its head high even under the heavy primary snowfall, the foremost fierce heat, and thus the torrential rain. It remains steady and constant even within the midst of the worst thunderstorm and blizzards.”
Regarding his influence in Indian poetry, the late scholar David Rubin wrote in the Return of Sarasvati (Oxford, 1993):- “The credit of creating the successful primary breakthrough within the development of real poetic art in Khari Boli Hindi and giving it, in Ansu.
Its first masterpiece credited to Jaishankar Prasad.” Rubin felt his nature and mortal love lyrics helped define the Chhayavad movement. His contemplative life and deep love of reading and music heavily influenced his work.
Death of Jaishankar Prasad
At the very early age of 47, Jaishankar Prasad died on January 14, 1937. His three wives and their children endure the great Hindi litterateur.
Shanta Gandhi, a 1960s professor of ancient Indian theatre at the National School of Drama in New Delhi, proposed to stage many of Jaishankar Prasad’s plays for modern Indian theatre.
The Bottom Line
It is thus clear that Mahakavi Jaishankar Prasad was rich in versatility. He was an excellent journalist and a businessman, and most of all, he was a great human.
As long as it is the moon, earth, sun, etc., they will always be recalled with admiration due to all the great attributes mentioned above. His talent and competence as a poet litterateur and human were unique. Even now, it is rare to find added in Hindi literature.