In this article, we have published an Essay on Jaishankar Prasad, Early Life, Career, Major Works, Achievements, and Death.
Mahakavi and playwright Jaishankar Prasad were, in fact, Amar Prasad of Mother Saraswati. In the area of Hindi poetry, after the name of Goswami Tulsidas, the name of a person with a strong and very clever talent can be taken, so that name is Mahakavi Jai Shankar Prasad.
He was born in 1889 in Kashi’s infamous ‘Suthani Sahu’ family. Father Shri Devi Prasad was renowned as the businessman of Sugandhi tobacco and was known as ‘Sunnathi Sahu.’ Jaishankar Prasadji’s father was not a writer, but he used to do great respect for artists and artists.
At home, there were a lot of poets and artists. Of course, poetic and artistic interpretation had a profound impact on child Prasad. As a result of that influence, Jaishankar Prasad started compiling poetry in his upbringing and began to astonish everyone and introduce his aptitude.
He researched at home only after a thorough study of fiction, philosophy, Vedas, Buddhist, Upanishads literature, and history-Puranas. Due to the deaths, first his father and later his elder brother, all the responsibility of family and company came upon them.
It is a matter of curiosity, how well it should be observing this poetry while maintaining it well. They did not give up. By creating compelling stories and poetry of poetry, novels, and essays, he made essential influences in modern Hindi literature-making and development. Struggling with the rigors of life, inconsistencies, and remained in the literature until the end.
Jaishankar Prasad started writing poetry using the penname of ‘Kaladhar.’ The original poem written by Jaishankar Prasad consisted of the collection named Chitradhar, which written in the Braj dialect of Hindi. Still, his later works are in the Khadi dialect or Sanskritized Hindi. Later on, Prasad promoted ‘Chhayavad,’ a literary trend in Hindi literature that fused romanticism with spiritualism.
Among the Four Pillars (Char Stambh) of Romanticism in Hindi Literature, he considered as one of the pillars, (Chhayavad), alongside Sumitranandan Pant, Mahadevi Verma, and Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’.
His vocabulary mainly consists of Sanskrit (Tatsama) words and words derived from Sanskrit (Tadbhava words) and avoid the Persian element of Hindi. The topic of his poetry spans the whole horizon of subjects of his era, from romantic to nationalistic.
A New Foundation Laid
He had involved the art and philosophy in his writings. He has chosen the title of his books of various names, which ranges from the romantic to the nationalistic.
The essence of the classical hind poetry described through his great writings; the nationalistic poems were written by him ‘Himadri Tung Shring Se’ became famous within the market, which leads him to won numerous awards within the period of the Indian independence movement. Kamayani is another written poem by him, which was also the most uncomplicated creation of him.
The tradition of that period and the contemporary poets, Jaishankar Prasadji, started writing poetry in Braj Bhasha. But soon, the upright dialect came in the field of Hindi. In Hindi, they considered being the initiator of shadowist verse.
Along with it, these pioneers of modern drama literature are accepted. The poems compiled, and the compositions are called Shadhadhara. This composition was printed in Hindi by the order in the vertical Hindi.
Kanan Kusum, Marunalalaya, Importance of Maharana, Prem Pathik. These are all the original concept of Jaishankar Prasadji. At all levels, prices, thoughts, and skills, they are only preliminary. Their different personalities can only be made in the next compositions.
The names are from their order – tear, waterfall, wave, love-path, Kamayani The ‘ripples,’ and Kamayani are the pillars of Pradasi’s Kirti. Both the works have remained unmatched to date. ‘Kamayani’ is considered to be the most famous poet of Hindi language and world literature after ‘Ramcharit Manas’ of Goswami Tulsidas.
After the poet, Jaishankar Prasadji’s second active form is the scriptwriter’s playwright. He also remodeled Hindi drama by making a drama called Sankh Gupta, Chandragupta, and Dhrvaswamini, by organizing a scene, Kalyani-introduction, Karunalaya, Pertinu Rajshree, Bishsh Ajatshatru, Kamana, Janmajay Nagian, and enrich him. A new look of dimension is given. Contrary to the earlier Dwivedi period, a new foundation was laid.
Jaishankar Prasadji also created two novels called ‘Skeleton’ and ‘Butterfly.’ The third novel, named ‘Ierabati,’ was left behind due to his self-dependence. In distinction to the shadowy Bhayabil poem, the realistic form of their books amazes everyone. He also created almost 90 stories. They are compiled and printed in Stories-Shadow, Akashdeep, Echo, Gale, Indrajal-Name editions.
Through the plays and narratives, they have given the motivation to glorify the country of India and make the advanced, present, independent, and prosperous of the gift. In the novels, live counting of the current life has done. He also created some critical-academic essays, which are considered important enough to be accepted.
In Hindi, his dramas considered to be the most pioneering ones. Dramas like Skandagupta, Chandragupta, and Dhruvaswamini viewed as the most famous works of Jaishankar Prasadji. His majority of works revolve around historical stories of Ancient India.
A number of them were also supported mythological plots. Interest in Jaishanakar Prasad’s plays revived in the 1960s, Shanta Gandhi Professor of Ancient Indian Drama at while at National School of Drama, for contemporary Indian theatre, by successfully staging his most vital play Skanda Gupta written in 1928, with little changes to the first script.
Mahadevi Verma, the poet-critic in her glowing tribute to Jai Shankar Prasad, said: “Whenever I remember our great poet, Prasad a specific image involves my mind. A fir stands on the slope of the Himalayas, straight and tall, because of the impressive mountain peaks themselves.
Its lofty head braves the attacks of the snow, the rain, and, therefore, the scorching heat of the sun. Violent storms shake its circulating branches, while a thin stream of water plays hide-and-seek amongst its root.
Even under the heavy primary snowfall, the foremost fierce heat, and thus the torrential rain, the fir holds it’s head high. It remains steady and constant even within the midst of the worst thunderstorm and blizzards.”
Regarding his influence in Indian poetry, the late scholar David Rubin wrote within the Return of Sarasvati (Oxford, 1993):- “The credit of creating the successful primary breakthrough within the development of real poetic art in Khari Boli Hindi and giving it, in Amsu.
Its first masterpiece credited to Jaishankar Prasad.” Rubin felt his lyrics regarding nature and mortal love helped to define the Chhayavad movement, in which his contemplative life and deep love of reading and music heavily influenced his work.
Death and Beyond
At a very early age of 47, Jaishankar Prasad died on January 14 of 1937. The great Hindi litterateur is endured by his three wives and their children. Shanta Gandhi, a 1960s professor of archaic Indian theatre at the National School of Drama in New Delhi, took the proposal to stage many of Jaishankar Prasad’s plays for the modern Indian theater.
The Bottom Line
It is thus clear that Mahakavi Jaishankar Prasad was rich in versatility. He was an excellent journalist and a businessman, and most of all, he was a great human. As long as it is the moon, earth, sun, etc., due to all the great attributes mentioned above, they will always be recalled with admiration. His talent and competence as a poet litterateur and as a human were unique. Even now, it is rare to find added in the field of Hindi literature.