Independence Day in India: 15 August (Day, History, Importance, Celebration)

In this article, you will read about Independence Day of India, which includes its date, history, importance and celebration.

History of Independence Day in India: 15 August

Also Read – Speech on Independence Day 2020

Every year, the Prime Minister of India hoists the tricolour flag from the Red Fort on Indian Independence Day. On August 15th 1947, the British: who had declared the country’s Independence by handing the command of the country to the people of India.

However, have you ever wondered why the date of August 15th was chosen for India’s Independence Day? The British Parliament gave Lord Mountbatten the right to transfer the power of India to the Indian people by June 30th, 1948.

It appointed Lord Mountbatten as the last Viceroy of India in 1947. Mountbatten had chosen the date of August 15th  for India’s Independence.

Some historians believe that on the suggestion of C. Rajagopalachari, Mountbatten chose August 15th the day for India’s Independence. C. Rajagopalachari was told Lord Mountbatten that if he waited till June 30th, 1948, there would be no power left to transfer.

In such a scenario, Mountbatten chose India’s Independence on August 15th. After that, it introduced the Indian Independence Bill in the British House of Commons on July 4th, 1947.

It proposed the partition make the bill of India and Pakistan. This bill accepted on July 18th, 1947, and after separation on August 14th, they declared India independence at midnight of August 15th, 1947.

Indian Independence Act of 1947

The Indian Independence Act of 1947. They issued it on August 15th, 1947. By the Parliament of Great Britain (Great Britain). The judicial power transferred to the Indian Legislative Assembly.

King George VI, continued to head the country until the country was handed over to the full republican constitution. India has fought hard for freedom from the British administration under the command of Mahatma Gandhi, who is today considered the “Father of the Nation.”

India has been under British control for over two hundred years. The country desperately wanted to achieve freedom from foreign rulers. In 1857, against the laws of the British East India Company, the first crusade took place.

Later, India’s campaign for freedom was cited under several names, including Indian Mutiny, Revolt of 1857, Great Rebellion and first war of Independence.

The role of Mahatma Gandhi was crucial to achieving Independence from the British. Many freedom fighters throughout the country followed him.

Importance of India, Independence Day 15 August

The Constitutional Assembly of India met at the fifth session at 23.00 August 14th at the Constitution Hall in New Delhi. President Rajendra Prasad chaired the meeting.

In this session, Jawaharlal Nehru delivered a speech to Tryst with a destiny proclaiming Indian Independence:- Many years ago we trysted with destiny, and now the time comes when we will redeem our promise, not whole or in full, but very significant.

At midnight, while the world is asleep, India will wake up to life and freedom. The moment comes, which comes, but rarely in history, when we leave the old and new, when the era ends and when the soul of the nation, long suppressed, finds a statement. It is good that at this solemn moment we commit ourselves to serve the people of India and their people and even more about humanity.

After long years of freedom fighting, India gained Independence on August 15th, 1947. Independent India first prime minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the flag over the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. When India enters 73 years of Independence, the time remembers all the freedom fighters who kept the country above all else.

Freedom fighters sacrificed their lives so that future generations could breathe freely in independent India. Therefore, the mere mention of this date causes us proud.

 On July 4th, 1947, the Indian Independence Act was introduced into the British House of Commons and was passed within two weeks. On August 15th, 1947, India became independent of British rule.

Celebration of 15 August Independence Day in India 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will raise the national flag in the historic Red Fort in the capital and speak to the nation on this occasion of August 15th, 2020.

Citizens across the country are preparing to celebrate this day, the 74rd Independence Day 2020.

A full rehearsal for the celebration of e Independence Day takes place on in the Red Fort. The army, navy, and air force march at the celebration, while schoolchildren perform dignitaries in the presence of audiences and viewers.

While we celebrate Independence Day on August 15th, Pakistan celebrates it on August 14th. Let us look at how the country celebrates Independence Day:

August 15th each year is a very auspicious day for Indians who receive the opportunity to pay tribute to all fighters for freedom. As it is a national holiday, all flag-raising ceremonies remain at the regional, state, and national level.

Mostly trading shops also remain close. Alternatively, the working hours also remain to shorten. Schools and colleges organise various types of competitions for students and prize winners.

Exclusive competitions and programs organise via online, print, and broadcast channels. Cinema telecasts associated with Indian freedom fighters shows on television. On the occasion of Independence Day, the President of India gives a speech to this country.

In Delhi, the Prime Minister of India takes part in the flag-raising ceremony and also speak to the nation at the Red Fort. Cultural programs and events take place at both the state and national level.

Artists carry this opportunity to show their hidden talent and gain recognition and reward. In some areas, families of freedom fighters get the honour of Independence Day.

Independence Day events

Independence Day symbolises the event of flying a kite. People buy kites in various colours, shades, and styles on the market.

Many ways to celebrate Independence Day:

  1. Plan a trip: Plan a quick trip to your nearest destination.
  2. Attend the flag-raising ceremony: People in Delhi may consider a quick trip to Delhi red fort on Independence Day to witness the flag-raising ceremony. It is beautiful to watch.
  3. Watch patriotic cinemas: it is the best you can do. There are many films based on India’s struggle for freedom.


Independence Day is one of the largest national celebrations in the entire country. Love and respect for the three-colour flag, a symbol of freedom celebrate in every corner of India. People go to school, colleges, offices to raise and celebrate the Indian flag.

This is one of the most pleasant days for all school-age children who get chocolates and sweets. The Indian national flag shows the hopes and aspirations of citizens. It is a symbol of India national pride.

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