Makar Sankranti Festival, Celebration, and Its various forms in India

Makar Sankranti: Harvest Festival of Various Forms Throughout India

Do you know why Makar Sankranti celebrates every year on January 14 or 15?
Why do people all over India celebrate this holiday differently?

Read here for all the details. Makar Sankranti Festival dedicate to welcome the transformation of the zodiac into the Makara Rasi.

This is one of the Indian festivals, the same date every year, depending on the solar cycle. Makar Sankranti is considered a very auspicious day, bathing in the sacred river, like the Ganges, regards as the rituals of a devotee, which brings prosperity and happiness.

This harvest festival celebrates in various cultural forms in different parts of India. This is one of the auspicious days for Indians throughout the country. Different names call for this harvest festival in different parts of the country, and this is a festival for new crops. This corresponds to January 14 or 15 of each year in the month “Maagh,” as per the solar Hindu calendar.


This day marks the beginning of summer. It also means the journey of the northern sun, known as Uttarayan. People replace the old stuff with the new, forget the ancient enmity, pray to God, and offer food to their ancestors.

The end of winter. People participate in holy festivals such as Kumbh Mela, the Ganges in Prayag and the Gangasagar Fair in the Bay of Bengal, and bathe in holy water to wash away their sins.

Celebrations and rituals in various areas: (History and Story)

Holidays Makar Sankranti takes different names and types in different parts of India. –

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Goa and Maharashtra:

Makar Sankranti celebrates three consecutive days in honor of the Goddess Sankranti, Kinkracant. The goddess Sankranti, who killed the demon for the interest of the public.

Men and boys fly kites, and married women celebrate the haldi-kumkum. Sweets make from barley and white sesame and distribute to people.


According to mythology, the “the God sun” defeated his son Saturn and the lord of the constellations Makara visited him that day. It believes that Vishnu killed all the Asuras that day and buried their heads under the Mandar Parvat or mountain.

Each community celebrates Makar Sankranti, giving rituals to the Sun God. The Uttarayana Jatra from God Jagannath and the Uttarayana Vandapana also record in the Puri Temple.

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana:

Makara Sankranti celebrates four consecutive days in the region. On the first day of bhogi, people burn with old wooden furniture and offer sweets. On Makar Sankranti day, people wear new clothes, pray to the Almighty, and offer food to their ancestors.

Women paint beautiful patterns with colored powder on the ground. On Kanum Day, food offers to live beings, birds, and fish.

Farmers pay tribute to the elements of nature and provide gifts to the deities in the Mukans. Shuttlecocks, bullfighting, cockfights, and kites are some of the most popular activities.

Bihar and Jharkhand:

Here Makar Sankranti celebrates on January 14 or 15. People eat Chura, gur, milk, cottage cheese, vegetables, and sesame sweets. Some people like flying kites. In the evening, people serve special khichdi with ghee, papad, chokha, and pickled cucumbers.

Delhi and Haryana:

People in these places celebrate Sakrat or Sankranti with Hakra, Khir, and Ghi, while men visit their sisters with gifts at home. Women sing folk songs and give presents to relatives known as “manana.”

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Karnataka State:

The festival is called Sugi. Girls wear new clothes and exchange them with other families using a mixture of white sesame sweets, dried coconut, peanuts, and spices. Women create beautiful rangoli from colored powder on the ground. The cattle are decorated and taken out during the Kichu Hizud march.

Himachal Pradesh:

During the festival, known as “Maga Saji” in the region, people get up early, bath in springs, and visit their neighbors.

They gather in temples to offer prayers and enjoy prasadam. In the evening, people sing “Netty” in a folk dance.


People gather at the Makaravilaka festivals in the pilgrimage center of Sabarimala, see the star of Makar Joti and receive the blessings of Ayyappa.


During Makar Sankranti, people bathe in sacred rivers, participate in fairs and distribute khichdi. Children wear necklaces of various shapes made from ghee and flour.


The festival knows Magee Sangrand, where people bathe early and light sesame oil lamps to drive away evil, wash away their sins, and bring prosperity.

Lohri: Punjabi is celebrating on January 13, the day before the Sangrand Magi Festival. Burning marks the end of winter and harvest, and children walk from house to house, collecting “til” or sesame, “gur” or mullah, “moon gophers” or peanuts, “fulia” or peanuts. The food distributes to the participants and thrown into the fire.

They participate in their famous bhangra dances and enjoy playing khichdi and khir.

Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh:

People from these states celebrate Makar Sankranti, offering local dishes such as fern, khir, pakodi, laddu, and other recipes. A charitable organization provides gifts, fruits, khichdi, and similar things to people who exchange gifts. People fly kites and try to cut other people’s kites.

West Bengal:

People in this state mark Makar Sankranti as “Push Sankranti” and offer sweets known as “Pittha” and worship the Goddess Lakshmi. People call the Magee Sanrati Festival and worship Lord Siva in the mountains of Darjeeling. Many people come here to bath and pray at the Ganga Sagar Mela.

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Other similar festivals in India include:

Harvest season is a time when many other similar celebrations held in India. This is Thai Pongal – “Thai Pongal” – a harvest festival in Tamil Nadu. It celebrates for four days. On Bhogi day,

Mantalu Indra paid tribute to the rain. Fresh rice is boiled in milk in clay pots and dedicate to Lord Surya on the second day. On the fourth day, Kannum Pongal, all the women in the family, perform various rituals in the backyard.

The harvest festival in Gujarat is called “Uttarayan” and celebrate on January 14, and “Vasi Uttarayan” – on January 15. Kites are the primary source of this two-day entertainment, while people like to make “cheeks” from jagger, “blind” from a mixture of sesame, peanuts, spices, and grilled vegetables.

Mag or Bhogali Bihu – The Bihu harvest festival in Assam begins on January 13 and starts on the 29th of the month of Push and lasts for a week. People enjoy the fireworks at the festival, and rice cakes called “Shunga.” is a coconut dessert. Games such as bait with tequila, breaking a pot, and fighting a buffalo are also featured at the festival.

In Punjab, Vaisakhi is a harvest festival celebrates on the 13th or 14th of April at the starting of the New Year, which coincides with the spring of Vishu. Punjab farmers spend the day at Thanksgiving ceremonies and pay tribute to the Gods for their bountiful harvest.

India is a cultural country. The festival is celebrating in various forms in different parts of the country. This is unity in diversity.