In this article, we have published an Essay on Corruption Free India, Its Impact, Why and How to stop it?
Corruption is not a new phenomenon in India, and it is present globally. In India, Corruption is a significant problem, and one of the key deterrents of the development of the country. It has been present in India right from the independence days.
The Corruption is closely associated with the money laundering and bribery used for doing illegal activities in India. It has become an integral part of Indian society and is so common that it is impossible to identify the corrupt activities.
Nepotism and favoritism is quite an old form of Corruption still in usage. This refers to a person favoring one’s relatives and friends to jobs. Abuse of discretion is another form of Corruption. Here a person misuses his power and authority.
In the recent few years, the corruption scam that has been revealed in India is of mammoth proportion. Corruption has several adverse effects; it is, therefore, vital to have corruption-free India.
Corruption is the exploitation of public property, power, and influence for fulfilling the selfish purpose of gaining personal fulfillment. It has adversely affected the growth of the country as well as the individuals and reduce the income.
It is an unnecessary use of both power and resources by the Government and non-governmental organizations. It is one of the biggest reasons for inequalities in the country.
Public servants are alleged to steal state property. In villages and cities throughout India, groups of government officials, politicians, real estate developers, etc. acquire to develop and sell land in illegal ways. Such officials and politicians are very well protected due to the immense power and influence they possess.
A study was conducted in Indian’s driver licensing procedure between 2004 and 2005; it was found to be hugely distorted due to the bureaucratic process and despite low driving ability, the license is issued to the driver through promoting the usage of agents.
Corruption and bribery are widespread, but some areas tend to more issues than others. The sectors that are most vulnerable to Corruption are Infrastructure & real estates, Power & Utilities, Metals & Mining, and Aerospace & Defence. But the study conducted in 2011 it was found India’s defense, the information technology industry, and energy sectors to be the most competitive and least corruption-prone sectors.
Government officials have very wide discretionary powers offering the opportunity to extort undue payments from companies and ordinary citizens. Public contracts are awarded to notoriously corrupt, especially at the state level. High-level politicians are involved in scandals having the number of kickbacks in the healthcare, IT, and military sectors.
Indian companies are misusing the public trusts for money laundering. There are many reports public are circumventing restrictions imposed on exchange transactions and attempting to convert the black money into white by making multiple transactions at different bank branches.
Impact of Corruption
Corruption leads to bureaucratic delay and inefficiency as it introduces red tapes in order to extort more bribes. Bureaucratic inefficiency also affects the growth directly through misallocation of investment in the economy. Corruption leads to lower economic growth for a given level of income.
Why India Should be Corruption Free?
Many Indians, especially living in rural areas, suffer many hardships, and they are denied basic live amenities such as pure drinking water, education, drainage facilities, etc. The Indian Public services have succumbed to the strain of inefficient and corrupt bureaucratic setup.
According to the studies, it has been found that over 40% of funds allotted by the Government for the development of rural areas do not reach the people. A complete end to Corruption is one of the ways so that people can lead to a better life.
India has been facing the problem of underemployment and unemployment for long, which are more prevalent in urban areas. Several people are finding difficult to find their choice of jobs, and others become victims of unemployment due to corrupt practices of the employers like taking bribes or donations from the candidates for the position available in the company or firm rather than considering the merit of the candidate.
In many of the companies, especially public sectors, recruitment is based on the caste of the person rather than based on merit. Due to such corrupt practices, deserving youngsters are denied work opportunities.
Corruption is deeply rooted in India that it has not even spared the justice system of the country. Corrupt leaders and bureaucrats are spared from the strict punishment for criminal activities. The criminals quickly get away by paying large sums of bribes to judicial authorities. The people also have become too tolerant of such activities and fear to raise voice against such anti-social elements. A corruption-free society will lead to more development, and justice will prevail.
Due to large scale corruption prevailing in almost all sectors among all the developing countries, India has the largest budget deficits. Reduction in Corruption will increase the scope for investment in public services like education and health facilities.
Anti Corruption Laws in India
In 2005, the Indian parliament passed the Right to Information Act bill in which the government officials have to provide the information requested by citizens or face punitive action.
Right to Public service legislation has been ratified in the nineteen states of India, which ensure the time-bound delivery of public services rendered by the Government to the citizen and provides a mechanism for punishing the errant public service, which is deficient in providing the public services under the statute. Right to service legislation is introduced to reduce the Corruption among the government officials and to increase transparency and public accountability.
Based on the various anti-corruption laws in India, public servants can be imprisoned for several years and penalized. In the United Nations Convention against Corruption, India is also a signatory since 2005. A wide range of acts of Corruption is covered in the convention and also proposes certain preventive policies.
The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act of 2013 has come into force from 16th January 2014, which seeks to provide the establishment of the institution of Lokpal to inquire into allegation of Corruption against certain public functionaries in India.
Corruption Free India
In the near future, we cannot expect a corruption-free India, and the central Government is trying its best to free India from Corruption.
The path for corruption-free India is tough, though, but it is not impossible. The law against Corruption should be made stricter, and trials should be enforced at a speeder rate. By not indulging in corrupt practices Government should set examples. Candidates having corruption charges should be completely banned from contesting elections.
Anti-corruption Bureau must be more vigilant and should be given more authority. All government offices should be kept under surveillance system to keep an eye on daily activities. Lodging complaints against corrupt officials should be made secure and anonymous. It is the duty of the young generation to deny the payment and acceptance of a bribe.