Essay on Taj Mahal for Students and Children 1000+ words

Here, you will read Essay on Taj Mahal for Students and Children in 1000+ words. This essay includes history, architecture, visiting summary of Taj Mahal, Agra, India.

Essay on Taj Mahal for Students and Children 1000+ words

Taj Mahal is one of seven wonders of the modern world. It is a beautiful ivory-white marble mausoleum built on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Agra city. 

It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It represents the excellence of Mughal architecture. Around the world, many people associate the Taj Mahal with India; this is one reason India is famous.

It has one of the most splendid architecture, but for most people, it symbolizes the powerful love of a husband for his wife. It also reminds us of power of love and how it has set an example for the generations to come.

History of Taj Mahal

In 1631 the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan ordered the Taj Mahal to be built in memory of wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died on 17th June of the same year while giving birth to their 14th child.

The construction of the major building started in 1632 and got completed in 1648, whereas the surrounding buildings and the construction of the garden were completed five years later.

The grief of Shah Jahan for his wife’s death was documented by the imperial court, illustrates the love story, which was the inspiration for the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan brought the finest artisans from around the world to build the building and honour the memory of his loving wife.

He wished to build something that had never been done before and wished to give the last gift to his wife to whom he loved so much.

Even today, people sing praises for the Shah Jahan’s great gesture. Taj Mahal makes you appreciate and believe in love like never. The bodies of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal buried next to each other, symbolizing that even after death, they stayed side by side and registered themselves as the eternal lovers in the lovers.

The Architecture of Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal was declared as a UNESCO heritage site in 1983. The marble with which they built the Taj Mahal, imported from the various countries from all over the world.

All the previous Mughal buildings were primarily built by the red sandstone. It believed that around a thousand elephants were used to transport the building to the materials.

The design of the Taj Mahal incorporates the traditional Persian design and the earlier Mughal architecture. The specific inspiration was taken by the Timurid, specifically Timur’s tomb in the Samarkand and other Mughal architectural buildings.

Under the patronage of Shah Jahan, the Mughal architecture reached new levels of refinement. The most spectacular feature of Taj Mahal is the marble dome that transcends the tomb. The top decorated with a lotus design, which serves to accentuate its height.

The shape of the dome also emphasized by four smaller domes known as the chattris places at the corners. The gilded decoration tops the dome and chattris with the mix of traditional Persian and Indian decorative elements. The tomb is a central focus of the Taj Mahal.

Like most of the Mughal tombs, the basic elements are of Persian in origin. The basic structure is a large multi-chambered cube with a chamfered corner with unequal eight sides.

The four minarets frame the tomb which at each of the chamfered corners. It showcases the smart architecture as the four minarets are inclined a little towards outside to prevent monument from any kind of natural disaster.

The interior chambers of the Taj Mahal reach beyond the traditional decorative elements, with the inlay works are decorated with precious and semi-precious gemstones. The inlay is with delicate detail with twining vines, fruits, and flowers adorned with semi-precious stones.

The complex of the Taj Mahal is set around by a 300-meter Mughal garden. In the center of the garden is a raised marble water tank known as the Hawd al – Kawthar act as a reflecting pool positioned on a north-south axis to reflect the image of the Taj Mahal.

The garden of the Taj Mahal is unusual from other Mughal architecture. In this garden, the Taj Mahal located at the end of the garden compared to other Mughal architecture situated in the center of the garden.

Visiting Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, which is approximately 200 kilometres from Delhi. It is part of India’s popular Golden Triangle Tourist circuit. Agra is a well-connected rail and road, and the major railway station is Agra Cantt.

Taj Mahal opened from 6 am to 7 pm every day except for Friday, which is closed for prayer. It also opened during full moon night from 8:30 pm to 12:30 pm.

10 Lines on Taj Mahal

  1. Taj Mahal is one of the favourite destinations for tourists around the world.
  2. Taj Mahal was built at the time of the Mughal era by the best artisans from an around world with the help of a lot of planning and enormous investments.
  3. The interior of the Taj Mahal, decorated by precious gemstones and flower design, is engraved on the marble’s surface.
  4. An area of 300-meter Mughal garden surrounds Taj Mahal.
  5. Taj opens every day (except Friday) from 6 am to 7 pm.
  6. The best time to visit Taj Mahal is from October to February as the weather in Agra remains cool.
  7. Taj festival is organised in February for ten days to revisit the memories of the Mughal era.
  8. Taj Mahal built by using a thousand elephants for transporting the raw materials to the construction site.
  9. Taj Mahal symbolises the eternal love of Shah Jahan, built in the memory of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
  10. From time to time, the Indian government allocates funds for preserving the famous historical asset of India that is the Taj Mahal.


India takes pride in the heritage and beauty of the Taj Mahal. It is a famous monument all over the world and is daily visited by two to four million people every year.

The beauty and the feeling that it symbolizes attract people from around the world to visit it. Hope you liked this informative essay on taj mahal for students and children.

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