Essay on Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

Essay on an engineer Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya


As you know, many engineers have been born in our country. But today I am going to tell you about the life of a great engineer. Yes, you have correctly identified his name – Dr.M. Visvesvaraya, and his full name is Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. Many people also know him by the name of M.V. Sir. Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya’s name is foremost among the great engineers of the world, not of the country. 

Life history

Engineer day is celebrated in our country every year on 15 September, on the birthday of Dr. M. Visvesvaraya. He was not only a skilled engineer but was also a successful man. Who put the country on the map and gave relief to the citizens. That is why his birthday is celebrated as Engineer Day on 15 September all over India. 

Dr.M. Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1861 in Taluka of Kolar District; he was born into a Brahmin family. His father’s name Srinivasa Shastri and his mother’s name was Venkachamma. His father, Srinivasa Shastri, was an Ayurvedic Doctor. He was a man who never wasted his time and thorough work, gave us the message that if we do something from the heart, we can easily complete a difficult task.

Work for him was worship; he was very fond of his work. He who made India into modern India and gave India a new look. And he believed that progress could be made in the country only by eliminating corruption. On the auspicious occasion of Engineer Day, the best engineering all over the country is honored for their great works, and special programs are done in school and college. Mysore. He was a pioneer in building our country. Hence he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest award in 1955, for the great work done by Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.

The British Government awarded him the ‘Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire’ (KCIE) for his help to the public. He was the Chief Designer of the Flood Protection System of Hyderabad city and as the Chief Engineer, played a key role in the construction of the Krishna Sagar Dam in Mysore.


After his primary education, he joined Central College in Bangalore. Due to a lack of funds, they had to tuition here. After all this, he got the first position in the B.A. examination in the year 1881, and after that, with the help of the Government of Mysore, he joined the Science College, Puna, for the study of engineering.

He proved his qualification by finishing first in the LCE and FCE examinations in 1883, and due to which, the Government of Maharashtra appointed Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya to the post of Assistant Engineer.


After studying engineering, he got a job in the PWD department of Mumbai. He implemented a complex irrigation system in the Deccan. Despite not having many resources and high technology, he made many projects successful. Prominent among these were Krishnarajasagar Dam, Bhadravati Iron and Steel Construction, Mysore Sandal Oil and Soap Factory, University of Mysore, and Bank of Mysore. 

These achievements were made possible only by his hard work. Working for the Sukkur (Sindh) municipality at the age of just 32, he supplied water from the Indus River to Sukkur City, a scheme favored by all other engineers. The British Government had formed a committee to find measures to improve the irrigation system and made Dr.M. Visvesvaraya a member. 

For this, he invented a new block system in which he made steel doors that helped prevent the flow of water from the dam. His work was highly praised, and even today, the system is being used worldwide. He also planned to tie the waters of two rivers. He was then appointed as the Chief Engineer of the State of Mysore in the year 1909. He was also concerned with basic problems like illiteracy, poverty, unemployment, etc. in his state. 

To tackle these problems, he suggested the formation of an economic conference. Because cement was not made in the country at this time, engineers prepared mortar that was stronger than cement, with the help of this they built the Krishna Rajsagar Dam in Mysore. 

Due to his work in the Mysore state, the King of Mysore appointed Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya as the Dewan or Chief Minister of the state in 1912. As a diwan, he worked for the educational and industrial development of the state. Due to his efforts, many new industries started in the state. The most important of which is Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works. Dr.M. Visvesvaraya voluntarily retired as the Diwan of Mysore in 1918.


There was a time when he was 92. The heat was scorching, and it was not possible to go to the site by car, so he walked on site. Dr. M. Visvesvaraya was endowed with virtues like honesty, sacrifice, hard work, etc. He said, whatever the work is, but it should be done in such a way that it helps others. 

Even after retirement, he continued to work. When Dr. M. Visvesvaraya turned 100, the Government of India issued a stamp in his honor. Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, who was awarded the Bharat Ratna, attained the age of more than 100 years and lived an active life till the end.

Dr.M. Visvesvaraya passed away on 14 April 1962 at the age of 101.


I think it is not wrong to call Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya as the creator of modern Mysore as well. His life is a source of inspiration for every Indian. He will be known for the great work done to serve the country with his brave personality and simple nature. The work he did in the field of technology before India’s independence proved to be an important step for the progress of modern India.

He will always be in memory of all the people of our country for his great works and his inspiration. He never used to consider any work as a burden; rather, he used to do everything with great devotion. He always gave great importance to time in his life; he used to do all his work according to time. He always ate vegetarian food. He will always live by being an inspiration to all the youth and engineers of our country.

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