Essay on Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya For Students and Children in 1000 Words. It includes early life, education, career, personal life, construction work, death, quotes, and more about Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
Essay on Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya For Students and Children in 1000 Words
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was a renowned Indian civil engineer, statesman, and one of the most prominent figures in the history of modern India. He was born in 1861 in the state of Karnataka, and his contributions to the field of civil engineering have been monumental.
Dr. Visvesvaraya was responsible for designing and constructing several important structures and projects across India, including the Krishnarajasagar Dam in Karnataka and the Mokama Bridge in Bihar.
He was also a visionary leader and played a key role in shaping India’s industrial and economic growth during the early 20th century. Today, he is honoured as a national hero and continues to inspire generations of Indians.
Early Life of Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
In the Kingdom of Mysore, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was born on September 15, 1861, in Muddenahalli village. His father’s name was Srinivasa Sastry, and his mother’s was Venkachamma. Visvesvaraya’s early life was spent in his hometown, where he received his primary education.
Educational Qualifications of Visvesvaraya
Visvesvaraya had an outstanding academic career, starting with his primary education at his village school.
He then pursued further education at the Central College in Bangalore, where he obtained a bachelor’s degree in arts in 1881. Later, he graduated from the University of Bombay with a degree in civil engineering in 1883.
Visvesvaraya’s educational journey didn’t stop there. He pursued higher engineering studies at the College of Science in Pune, where he received a Licentiate in Civil Engineering in 1885.
In recognition of his academic achievements, Visvesvaraya was awarded a scholarship to study engineering in England. He earned a Mechanical Engineering degree from the University of London in 1888.
In summary, Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya’s educational qualifications include primary education, a degree in Arts, a degree in Civil Engineering, a Licentiate in Civil Engineering, and a degree in Mechanical Engineering.
His educational journey is an inspiration to many and highlights the importance of continuous learning and dedication to academic excellence.
Career of Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
After completing his studies, he worked as an assistant engineer in the Public Works Department of Bombay.
Visvesvaraya’s career as an engineer spanned over five decades, during which he designed and implemented several projects that significantly impacted India’s infrastructure.
The engineer of the Krishnarajasagara Dam, still considered the largest dam in the world, was responsible for its construction.
Visvesvaraya played a vital role in India’s industrialization by designing and supervising the construction of Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works and being an active researcher and writer.
He authored several books and articles on engineering, economics, and public policy. His most famous work is the book “Planned Economy for India,” which outlines his vision for India’s economic development.
Visvesvaraya was not only an engineer but a prominent statesman as well. He served as the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918, where he implemented several reforms that improved the lives of the people of Mysore.
He was also a member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council from 1941 to 1946, where he played a crucial role in India’s war effort during World War II.
Visvesvaraya’s contributions to India’s development were recognized with several awards and honours. He was knighted by the British government in 1915 and was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1955.
Additionally, he was a member of the Royal Society of London and several other prestigious organizations. He left behind a legacy of engineering innovation, economic vision, and public service that continues to inspire generations of Indians.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya’s Personal Life
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was married to Smt. Sushila Devi had two daughters named Jayalakshmi and Chikkamma.
Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya’s Famous Constructions
- Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysore (1938)
- Mysore University (1913)
- Century Club in Bangalore (1917)
- Bangalore Agricultural University (1946)
- Bhadravathi Iron and Steel Works (1923)
- Flood Protection System for Hyderabad (1909)
- Block System of Irrigation in Deccan (1903)
- Automatic Gates for Khadakvasla Reservoir (1903)
- Gwalior Water Works (1919)
- Tata Iron and Steel Company in Jamshedpur (1907)
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Bridge
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Bridge, also known as the Bhoganandishwara Bridge, is a marvel of engineering located in the Indian state of Karnataka. It spans the Arkavathi River and is a vital link between Bangalore and Mysore.
The bridge was designed by Sir M. Visvesvaraya, a renowned Indian engineer and statesman, and was completed in 1943. It is 720 meters long and has 14 spans, each spanning 45 meters.
The bridge was designed to withstand high water pressure during monsoons and has survived several floods.
This bridge was unique because it was designed without computer-aided technology, and the calculations were done manually. It is a testament to the brilliance of Sir Visvesvaraya and his team of engineers.
There are visitors from all over the world who visit the bridge. It has also been featured in many films and documentaries.
In conclusion, the Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Bridge is a great feat of engineering and shows how good Indian engineers are.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Railways Station
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Railway Station is a railway station located in the city of Bengaluru in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is named after Sir M. Visvesvaraya, a renowned engineer and statesman.
The station is well-connected to major cities and towns in India and is a hub for both suburban and long-distance trains.
It is equipped with modern amenities like escalators, lifts, food stalls, waiting rooms, and toilets. The station has played a significant role in the development of Bengaluru as a commercial and industrial hub.
Books Written By Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Dr. M. Visvesvaraya has written several books in his lifetime, including:
- “Reconstructing India”
- “Planned Economy for India”
- “Memoirs of My Working Life”
- “Engineering and Nation Building: The Contribution of Indian Engineers”
- “The Autobiography of an Indian Engineer”
- “The Relevance of Gandhian Philosophy in the 21st Century”
- “The Role of Engineers in Nation Building”
- “My Experiments with Truth and Engineering”
- “The Future of India: A Vision for the New Millennium”.
Death of Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, an Indian engineer and statesman, passed away on April 12, 1962, at the age of 101. He died in Bangalore, India, due to natural causes.
- Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Museum
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Museum is located in Bangalore, India, and is dedicated to the life and works of Sir M. Visvesvaraya, a renowned engineer and statesman.
The museum showcases various exhibits and artifacts related to his life and achievements, including his contributions to engineering, education, and public works.
The museum also highlights his involvement in developing various industries in India, such as establishing the first hydroelectric power station in India at Shivanasamudra.
Visitors can explore the museum’s different sections, including a gallery of photographs, models, and interactive exhibits.
The museum provides a glimpse into the life and times of one of India’s most eminent engineers and is a must-visit for those interested in the history of Indian engineering and the contributions of Sir M. Visvesvaraya.
Engineers Day Celebration in India
Engineer’s Day is celebrated in India on September 15th every year to observe the birth anniversary of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, a renowned engineer and statesman.
The day celebrates the contributions of engineers towards the development of the country. Various educational institutions, engineering organizations, and industries across the nation observe it.
The day is filled with seminars, workshops, and other activities to show how important engineering is and encourage young people to become engineers.
5 Best Quotes By Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
- “Work is worship.”
- “Remember, your work may be only to sweep a railway crossing, but it is your duty to keep it so clean that no other crossing in the world is as clean as yours.”
- “Progress can be achieved only if we are not content to stand still.”
- “Development is not about factories, dams, and roads. Development is about people.”
- “The secret of success in life is to be ready for opportunity when it comes.”