In this article, we have published an Essay on Mob Lynching with Its Causes, Effects, Control Strategies. It is the tale of chaos.
Introduction (What is Mob Lynching? – 1700 Words)
Mob Lynching is an informal punishment applied by a gather that does not have the authority to do so. Most times, lynching occurs when a group believes that a person has committed a crime, even if it has not been trialed or convicted.
Examples of lynchings include public hangings, tar, and feathering, or other forms of extreme punishment or execution performed in public. Lynching differs from uncommon types of punishment because the public performs it outside the legal system.
This is often handled by a group of people. Lynching is a mob justice in which ordinary people come together to terrorize or punish someone they think violates a legal, moral, and social standard.
Although the origins of the word “lynching” are not very clear, it was primarily attributed to a late-eighteenth-century Virginia court judge named Charles Lynch, who had regularly arrested British partisans without trial. As they were never tried, and he had no authority to stop them, the practice became known as ‘lynching.’
The murder of 15-year-old Junaid in a running train in Haryana shocked the country. In the unfamiliar parts of the nation, there are continuous mobs, lynching incidents. What is the reason?
Fake News and Mob Lynching
In the name of homecoming, love jihad, cow protection, and self-defense camps, the longstanding issues of communalism against the community are being expressed now as violence.
The crowd is making a target of people such as Junaid, Parveen Khan, Munna Ansari, and Mohammad Akhlaq. President of Sociology Department of Jamia Milia Islamia, Prof. Says, that
“There is an attempt to provoke communities suffering from such attacks. Reverse Victimhood, which means violence doing persons, they call themselves victim,
Politics of hatred
Prof. Nishat Kaiser considers this kind of attack because of hate politics, “One thing is understandable that, under the name of Goraksha, mobs lynching or whatever such circumstances are happening, this results from all thought-provoking planning. There is a specialized division of works in the fierce Hindutva Forces.
The instant “justice” of the crowd also reveals the breaking of people’s confidence in law and order.
We often hear about cases of crimes against people for various reasons. However, mass lynching cases in recent years have been mainly caused by the spread of rumors, suspicions, or religious beliefs.
If we understand the events in what order they happened then, we may consider it that some were the consequences of caste-based horrors, some were because of religious beliefs, and the rest was because of false news or rumors.
If we look at the other reasons for lynching, they are inspired by religious belief. Cow “, the sacred animal,” has been the talk of the city for many years in India. Cows of Hindu worship, using cow dung for fuel and cleaning in the villages, feed them with milk.
That is why India has the most significant number of cows in the world. India is also the first in global milk production.
However, nowadays, cows have become a motive for the killing of non-Hindus because they eat beef or engage in the profession of the working butcher. No doubt we should respect religious beliefs, but what if few people kill a person based on suspicion or suspicion?
The month of Ramzan was about to the end and 15-year-old Junaid, son of Mohammad Jalaluddin, and Khandwali village of Faridabad district went to Old Delhi for the purchase of EID along with his friends. In the evening, his mother Saira was eagerly waiting for his sons on Iktrat, but their waiting turned into weeds. One of his sons, Junaid, got a gift of hatred and chaos, and the severely injured son Shakir was battling death in Delhi’s AIIMS.
Mob Lynching Incidents in India
Here are some bloody examples of vigilantism fueled by false messages;
June 19th, Uttar Pradesh
They lynched one man in Hapur district, Uttar Pradesh, after rumors of cow slaughter. The police initially denied the cow slaughtering angle. However, later videos were allegedly showing a crowd beating a man and forcing him to confess to having slaughtered a cow.
Police admitted there were rumors that the incident resulted from cow slaughter. Lynching has also become viral on social media.
June 8th, Maharashtra
It beat two men to death by a crowd in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. Police said fake messages circulating on WhatsApp triggered lynching. The villagers attacked the victims on suspicion of being thieves.
June 28th to 29th, Tripura
Tripura reported three separate cases of mob lynching – all suspected of being child-lifters. The incidents occurred in three different districts of Tripura. The victims were a woman, a street vendor from Uttar Pradesh, and a man hired by the Tripura government to counter rumor propaganda.
After the incidents of lynching, Tripura DGP AK Shukla said: “It was noticed that WhatsApp, SMS and social media such as Twitter, Facebook and YouTube are widely using for the transmission of fake images, videos and text messages with the potential to incite violence in the state at a higher rate. “
June 13th, West Bengal
They lynched a man in the Malda district of West Bengal on suspicion of being a child-lifter. The man was reportedly homeless and panicked when confronted by an angry mob.
June 8th, Assam
They lynched two men in the Karbi Anglong district of Assam on June 8th. The victims identified as Nilotpal Das, and Abhijeet Nath went to Kangthilangso, a picnic spot in Karbi Anglong. Bamboo sticks and wooden sticks hit them by a frenzied mob.
A group of villagers stopped them in Panjuri on the way back and lynched. The Assam Police arrested more than 65 people for murder and dissemination of rumors on social networks.
Mob Lynching Incidents in Abroad
It does not restrict mob lynching to the area, state, or nations. It occurs anywhere in the world depending on human destructing thinking.
In the American Mob lynchings increased after the American Civil War in the late 19th century, after the emancipation of slaves; they declined in the 1920s. Most of the mob lynchings were of African American men in the southern United States, and women were also lynched.
According to the Tuskegee Institute, 4,743 people were lynched between 1880 and 1967 in the United States, including 3,345 African Americans and 1285 whites. Over 70 percent of lynchings in the post-civil war period occurred in the southern states of America. According to the Equal Justice Initiative, 4,063 African Americans were lynched between 1876 and 1951 in the south.
Effects of Mob lynching
Mostly the innocent persons are becoming the victim of mob lynching. People break law and order, social harmony disturbs, and riot also emerges. The feeling of fear generates among people that obstruct the social developments and unity in the country.
Mob lynching is not an ordinary crime. Evidence collected by IndiaSpend suggests that since 2010, there have been 87 incidents of hate crimes in 289 victims of cow-related violence. Significantly, 98% of these incidents of lynching have occurred since May 2014.
The Supreme Court used powerful language in calling on the Union government to curb lynching of the Mafia. He has notified, “Citizens cannot take the law into their hands and added that “horrendous acts of mobocracy” can not become the new norm.
To Control these Mobs Lynching:
There is required to bring a special law to deal with the threat of mob lynching and control it. The particular law dealing with atrocities against scheduled caste and scheduled tribes – the 1989 SC / ST (Atrocities Prevention) Act – may not have ended caste discrimination, but it has acted as a significant deterrent.
Supreme Court instructed strictly to Government to Control on Mob Lynching:
To stop mob lynching, state governments will appoint a senior police officer in each district to take action to prevent incidents of violence and lynching.
State governments should immediately identify districts, subdivisions, and villages where cases of lynching and mass violence have been reported in the recent past.
Node officers will bring to the attention of the DGP any question of inter-district coordination to devise a strategy to address issues related to lynch and widespread violence.
It should be the duty of every police officer to make a crowd disperse, which, in his opinion, causes violence disguised as vigilantism or otherwise.
Central and state governments must broadcast on radio, television and other media platforms, including official sites, that lynching and widespread violence should bring serious consequences.
Combat and prevent the spread of irresponsible and explosive messages, videos, and other materials on various social media platforms. Register the FIR according to the relevant provisions of the law against persons who disclose such messages.
Assure that there is no further harassment of members of the victims’ families. State governments will prepare a compensation scheme for victims of lynching/mob violence.
In each district designated courts/fast track tribunals assigned. It should trial cases of mob lynching and gang violence explicitly.
To establish an austere example in cases of violence and lynching, the court of the first instance must grant a maximum sentence on conviction of the person accused. If it discovers that a police officer or a district administration official has failed to perform his or her duty, we shall consider it an act of willful negligence.
Require community awareness and awareness through multimedia campaigns, field information campaigns to check false news.
Strengthen the organization of civil society. This helps to nourish solidarity. Reorient traditional values and principles to increase compassion, empathy, and fraternity among people.
Many people, the human resources of the country, are being lynched with a trigger of violence by the crowd led by the simple spread of false news on social networks, the WhatsApp group. Despite all the laws in force, intolerance is growing.
The perpetrators of the mob who resort to lynching are mostly villagers. They use their smartphones for the first time. Inflamed by false reports of child trafficking, cow slaughter, inter religions marriages sent as WhatsApp messages, they choose their standards of justice that are attacking and beating to death people who are often innocent. It requires the administration bodies to control such activities effectively.