Essay on Punjab For Students and Children in 1000 Words

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Essay on Punjab in English (1000 Words)

India has 28 States & 8 Union Territories and of them is the state of Punjab. Punjab is a state in the north-west part of India. The word “Punjabi” is derived from the Persian language. In the Persian language, Panj means five and ab means river. 

That’s why it is referred to as the “land of five rivers.” The term Punjab is derived from five rivers: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej. Thus, it is the 12th largest state in India by area and the 16th largest state in terms of population.

Jammu and Kashmir are situated north of it, and Himachal Pradesh is east of it. Haryana is located to the south of Rajasthan in the southwest corner of Punjab. It comprises 22 districts and shares an international border with Pakistan to the west. 

The most spoken language in this state is Punjabi. It is mainly an agriculture-based state and is the most wheat-producing state in India. 

Culture of Punjab

Punjabi culture is known to be the oldest and richest in the world. The diversity of the state is seen in the poetry, education, artistry, music, architecture, and traditions of Punjab. 

They have earned a reputation for being highly determined. The Punjabi culture exhibits a multi-hued heritage of ancient civilization. 

They look at their guests wholeheartedly and consider them to be a representative sent by God. Punjabis celebrate many religious and seasonal festivals like Baisakhi, Lohri, Basant Panchami, etc. 

They do also celebrate numerous anniversary celebrations to honour their gurus and various saints. Dance is also organised at these festivals. Some of the most popular genres are Bhangra, Sammi, and Jhumar. 

Many compilations of Punjabi poetry and literature are being translated into various languages throughout the world. The revered Guru Granth Sahib is the most famous work of Punjabi literature. 

Giddha is the native tradition of Punjab, which is a humorous song and dance genre that women perform. One can go through Punjabi poetry to get a clear view of the Punjabi mindset. Punjabi poetry is very popular for having deep meanings and beautiful word use. 

The Punjabi Kurta and Tehmat turban are the traditional dresses for men. Kurtas and pajamas are becoming popular. The Punjabi salwar suit and the Patiala salwar are some of the traditional dresses that women wear.

Delicious Punjabi Food

Punjab is a very prosperous city in India. The foods of Punjab are very famous for their impressive variety and traditional recipes. 

Since Punjab is near the Pakistan border, many Pakistani flavours infiltrated Punjabi foods, giving them even more exotic flavors. 

Punjab is known as the breadbasket of India, and we get so much more than just that in their cuisine. The most impressive thing about Punjabi food is its variety. 

Meat lovers can’t get enough of the Butter Chicken; Bhuna Gosht, Tandoori Chicken, and vegetarian fare are equally delightful. 

Punjab is home to authentic tandoori food. People believe that tandoor originated in Persia and was introduced in India by the Arabs. In Punjab, people first learned the art of cooking with tandoor. 

The most famous dish, tandoori chicken, was invented in Peshawar and became popular thereafter. People in Punjab are fascinated by cooking with ghee and butter. Most Punjabi dishes are cooked in desi ghee. 

Spices like coriander powder, garam masala, cumin, and caraway seeds are used generously. The perfect balance of the different flavours is the key to great food. 

Some famous Punjabi foods are as follows:

  • Butter chicken
  • Sarson ka saag and Makki ki roti
  • Tandoori chicken
  • Chole Bhature
  • Masala Chana
  • Dal makhani
  • Machchli Amritsari
  • Dhaba Dal
  • Paneer Tikka
  • Murgh Malaiwala
  • Punjabi kadhi Pakodi recipe
  • Amritsari Kulcha recipe
  • Bhatti da Murg Pindiwala recipe
  • Punjabi dal tadka
  • Punjabi lemon chicken 

Colorful Festivals of Punjab

Hola Mohalla is the most colourful and hilarious of all the festivals celebrated in Punjab. Punjab is famous for its exuberant spirit and extravagant lifestyle. 

State Punjab is blessed with the best natural resources that are complete with fertile land, five rivers, mountains, and enough greenery to make it the best place to live. Punjabis celebrates different festivals which represent opulence and prosperity in their best form. 

The Festivals of Punjab are the most beautiful ways to get an insight into the traditions and culture of Punjab. One must visit Punjab during this festive season so that you get to soak in the cultural richness of this state.

Here is the list of the festivals that you must be part of to get an insight into the traditions of Punjabi culture:

  • Lohri- the winter harvest festival
  • Tikka- celebrating siblinghood
  • Karwa Chauth- Celebrate the martial bond
  • Hola Mohalla- soak in spiritual vibes
  • Baisakhi- harvest festivals of Punjab
  • Jor Mela- a religious congregation
  • Teeyan- marks the arrival of the monsoon
  • Chappar mela- cultural fair
  • Gurupurab- colorful Sikh festival

Traditional Dance in Punjab

The state is very rich in terms of the number and styles of folk dances. In this state, you can find many different varieties of folk dances, including Gidha and Bhangra. These two dance forms are very prominent in the Punjab state.

Punjabi dance styles range from very high energy to slow and reserved, and various forms are present for males and females. Some dance forms are presented in a religious context, while others are secular. 

The Gidha dance form is popular among females, while among males, Bhangra is the most popular. These dance forms are practised at the time of celebrations like Vaisakhi (harvesting), the spring festival (Jashan-e-Baharan), and the Lohri festival.

Gidha is quite popular in Punjab, where many female artists participate in the occasion with high spirits. This dance form is very similar to Bhangra, which is performed by a male counterpart. In the Gidha dance form, only males participate to show their individuality in society. 

The Bolis are the verses performed by the folk poetry during this dance. Dancers follow the rhythmic drum sounds and form a circle. The dancers move in the circle to the drum beat and bolis. 

Dancers also raise their hands to the level of their shoulders and clap in the union, and then they strike their palms against those of neighbouring dancers. The variety of sounds like the drum, hand-clapping, and folk verses bring richness to the spectators. 

10 Lines About Punjab in English

Below are 10 lines about Punjab:

  1. It is situated in the north-west part of the country, near the India-Pakistan border.
  2. It was formed on November 1st, 1966.
  3. The capital of Punjab is Chandigarh.
  4. It is quite popular for its great interest in arts and crafts. Punjabi foods are also famous all over India.
  5. It has 5 rivers- Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Jhelum, and Chenab. 
  6. Punjab is famous for its lavish weddings, which reflect its culture and tradition.
  7. It comprises 22 districts and shares an international border with Pakistan to the west.
  8. The most spoken language of this state is Punjabi.
  9. Punjabi Kurta and Tehmat plus turban are the traditional dresses that men used to wear.
  10. Punjabi salwar suits and Patiala salwar are some of the traditional dresses that women wear.  


Punjab has a rich history and culture. Punjabis are famous for having extravagant weddings, which are a reflection of their culture. Punjabi weddings comprise many ceremonies, traditions, and a variety of food items. 

People from all over the world admire the special and hospitable attitudes of Punjabis. They loved to travel, taking their culture and tradition wherever they went. It is quite popular for its great interest in art and crafts. Punjabi food is also very famous. 

I hope you liked this essay on Punjab.

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