Essay on Republic Day of India (26 Jan) for Students in 1100 Words

Here, you will read an inspirational Essay on Republic Day of India (26 January) for Students and Children. It includes Importance, History, Parade, Celebration, and more about the Indian Republic day.

So, let’s start the Essay on Republic Day of India (26 January)…

Introduction (Essay on Republic Day of India-1100 Words)

Republic day is a national festival of India which is celebrated every year on 26th January. On this day in 1950, the Constitution of India enacted after the removal of the Government of India Act 1935.

So this is the reason that the Republic Day of India is celebrated every year on 26th January and since this day is associated with nationalism and not connected with any particular religion, caste or community, every person in the country celebrates it as a national festival.

This event marks proud founding of the republic tradition of one of the largest democracies in the world. The significance of the day is meant to honor the date in which the country’s constituent assembly adopted the constitution specially framed for the nation.

History of Republic Day in India

The resolution was passed and announced In December 1929 in which the British government would not give the position of autonomous authority (Dominion) to India by January 26, 1930, and then India would declare itself completely independent.

When the British Government did nothing till January 26, 1930, then Congress announced that the decision of India’s complete independence on that day and started its active movement.

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The actual day of Independence accepted as the Independence Day of India on 15th August. After the liberation of India, the Constituent Assembly announced and it started its work from 9 December 1947.

Members of the Constituent Assembly elected by the members of the assemblies of the states of India. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, etc. were the key members of this assembly.

There was a total of 22 committees in the constitution writing, in which the draft committee was the main committee, and the work of this committee was to write the overall constitution.

The director of the draft committee was Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. The draft committee and Dr. Ambedkar built the Indian Constitution in 2 years, 11 months, 18 days and The Constitution of India handed over to Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949.

Therefore, the 26th November day is celebrated every year in India as Constitution Day. The Constituent Assembly held a total of 114 days of meetings during the constitution. At its meetings, the press media and the public had the freedom to participate.

After several reforms and changes, 308 members of the Assembly signed two handwritten copies of the constitution on 24 January 1950.

Two days later, on January 26, the Constitution was implemented throughout the country and to maintain the importance of January 26, the Constitution approved by the Constituent Assembly on the same day was recognized as the Republic of India.

Celebration of 26 January Republic Day in India

Flag Hoisting – On January 26, the Republic Day celebrations hoist to the flag of the Indian National Flag (Tiranga), and after this, the national anthem sing in a collective form.

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When the President hoists the flag, his special cavalry bodyguards are present there and stand in the direction of caution and salute the Tiranga. After which the national anthem begins. During the end of the national anthem, i.e., for 52 seconds, 21 guns salute is given.

Republic Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout the country, especially in the capital of India.

Parade on 26 January Republic Day in India

To mark the significance of this occasion, a grand march is organized every year from India Gate to Rashtrapati Bhavan (residence of the President) on Rajpath, in the capital, New Delhi. All the Regiment of the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy, etc. participates in this grand parade.

People’s Participation in India’s Republic Day

To participate in this festival National Cadet Corps come from all the parts of the country and children from various schools, it is an honor to take part in the celebration.

Prime Minister puts floral beads on Amar Jawan Jyoti Monument (a monument to the soldiers) on India gate at one end of Rajpath.

After this, in memory of martyrs, two minutes of silence is kept. After this, the Prime Minister comes along with others to the stage, and the President later comes with the chief guest of the celebration.

The Exhibition, Folks, and Art Work – There are also exhibitions of different states in the parade. People of every state exhibit their talent, their folk songs, and work of art. We can see India’s diversity and cultural richness through their ability.

Parade and procession broadcast on national television and millions of viewers watch it in every corner of the country.

Award Distribution on 26 January Republic Day ceremony in India

On this auspicious day, President of India distributes prizes to Civilians of India.

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Beating the Retreat Ceremony – Beating a Retreat is organized on the third day of Republic Day celebrations on the evening of January 29. Beating a Retreat is a sign of the end of Republic Day celebrations.

In this, the Army, Air Force, and Navy’s bands play the traditional tune march. It organizes in Rashtrapati Bhawan Raisina Hills, whose Chief Guest is President. Beating the Retreat program has to be canceled twice.

The first was on January 26, 2001, due to the earthquake in Gujarat and for the second time on 27th January 2009, after the country’s eighth President, Venkataraman died after a prolonged illness. The program concludes with the tune of “Sare Jahan se Achcha.”

Chief Guest of Republic Day Parade – Every year on the occasion of Republic Day, there is a tradition of calling the Prime Minister, President or the ruler as a special guest.

In 1950, Indonesia’s President Dr. Sukarno became the first special guest of our country in the Republic Day celebrations. In 2019, The President of South Africa Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa came in India as a Chief Guest.


This national festival Republic Day is very crucial to us. On this day our country established on the world map as a democratic country. Republic Day is one of the three national festivals of our country.

So this is the reason that people celebrate it with enthusiasm throughout the country. This day India exhibits its strategic power, which is not to terrorize anyone but to give a message that we are capable of protecting ourselves.

This day of 26th January is a historic festival for our country, so we should celebrate this festival with full zeal and respect. I hope you liked this Essay on Republic Day of India (26 January) for Students and Children.