In this article we have published an Essay on Dr. Rajendra Prasad in 1200 Words. It includes Early Life, Education, Career, Work, Death. He was a great freedom fighter and the first president of Independent India.
Introduction (Dr. Rajendra Prasad)
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was first elected as the president of independent India. He was trained in law. He joined the Indian National Congress. He belonged to Bihar. He was a great admirer of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Bapu).
He played a vital role in the struggle for India’s Independence. He had been imprisoned by the British Government for participating in the Salt Satyagraha and Quit India Movement.
He served as the minister of Food and agriculture minister of the central government. After Independence in 1947, he became the president of India. He also contributed to making the draft of the Indian Constitution.
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Early life and education
Rajendra Prasad was born at Zeradai in Siwan district under Bengal presidency, now in Bihar. He belonged to a rich and landholding Kayastha family. His father was a scholar in both Sanskrit and Parsi language.
His mother was a religious woman who used to tell stories from Ramayana and Mahabharata. He lost his mother in his childhood and was raised by his elder sister.
At the age of five, he was sent to a moulavi, a Muslim scholar, to learn Hindi, Parsi, and arithmetic. After completion of his traditional elementary education, he was admitted to Chapra district school in June in the year of 1986.
At the early age of twelve, he was married to Rajavanshi Devi. He along with his elder brother went to T.K. Academy for further study. He stood first in the entrance examination and got admission to the University of Calcutta.
He was also awarded a monthly scholarship of Rs. 30. This was one of the first signs that he was a brilliant and intelligent scholar.
He was admitted to Presidency College in Calcutta, now Kolkata as a student enrolled in the Science stream. First, he completed F.A. from the University of Calcutta and then he became a graduate from Presidency College.
The professors were heavily impressed by his intellect. He even received praise that the examinee is better than the examiner. It was like the most valuable compliment in his life. After that, he focused on his further studies and chose economics.
He achieved an M.A. degree from the University of Calcutta in the year 1907. In Calcutta, he used to stay in Eden Hindu Hostel with his elder brother. He was a dynamic participant of the Dawn Society.
It was tempting to join the Servant society of India. But it was his sense of duty and responsibilities towards his family and his education that he refused to join them as his mother died and his elder sister became a widow at the age of nineteen.
He founded the Bihar Student Organization in the hall of Patna College in 1907. It was the first of its kind and was the origin of legendary figures from Bihar. It played a pivotal role in the Champaran Movement and the non-co-operation movement.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a multi-talented and versatile scholar. He explored his career in the teaching field, in law, etc.
Career in teaching
After completion of his MA, he became a professor at Langat Singh College at Muzaffarpur in Bihar. After that, he became the principal of the college. Then he pursued his study in law and got admission to Ripon College in Calcutta (now Surendranath Law College).
During this time, he worked as a professor at Calcutta City College. He appeared for a master’s degree in law and became the gold medalist. He completed his doctorate in law from Allahabad University in the year of 1937.
Career in law
In 1916, he worked in the High Court of Bihar and Odisha. In 1917, he became one of the first members of the Senate and Syndicate of Patna University. He had his practice chamber in law at Bhagalpur, the town in Bihar.
Contribution to India’s freedom movement
His first involvement with the Indian National Congress is as a volunteer in an assembly held in Calcutta during his days of study. He was formally associated with the party in the year of 1911 also in Calcutta.
In an assembly in Lucknow, he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi who was on a fact-finding tour in Champaran. He asked Prasad to join his volunteers. He was greatly moved by the dedication and commitment of Mahatma Gandhi towards the country.
Once the non-co-operation movement was approved by the Indian National Congress, he sacrificed his lucrative career in law and became an integral part of the movement.
He also was one of the first to respond to Gandhi Ji’s call to boycott the western educational system. He asked his son to drop his education and join Bihar Vidyapith. It was an educational institution that was built with the tradition of the country.
He also met with a writer named Rahul Sankrityayan during his campaign for the movement. He influenced him with his intellect. He wrote a lot of books on revolution named ‘Searchlight’, ‘Desh’ etc which earned him a substantial amount of money.
All this income was infused in the struggle movement of Independence. He toured vigorously all over the country to educate the people about the agenda of the Independence movement.
He was a kind-hearted person who always devoted himself to the betterment of the common people. He helped the victims of floods in Bengal and Bihar in the year of 1914. During the earthquake in Bihar in the year of 1934, he was in jail although he extended his helping hand through his close colleague.
After he was released from jail, he immediately built the relief camp to raise funds for helping the distressed. During the Quetta earthquake even though he was not allowed to leave the country, he did his best to help the people.
He became the President of the Indian National Congress in Bombay Assembly in the year of 1934. He again became the President in 1939 after Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose resigned. In the year of 1942, after Indian National Congress passed the resolution of the Quit India Movement, many leaders were arrested.
Rajendra Prasad was also one of them. He was in confinement for three years. In 1946, he became the Minister of food and agriculture department under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru led interim government.
The first president of India
After Independence, on 26th January in 1950, he became the first president of India after the Constitution of India was ratified. Although a day before the ground parade, his elder sister died.
He attended her ceremony only after doing the national responsibility. He was arguably the best president of India. He was never biased to any political party. He did his job as per the Constitution.
He served the term back to back in 1952 and 1957, the only president to do so. After serving a long twelve years as president of India, he announced his retirement. He returned to Patna and stayed in Bihar Vidyapith.
Rajendra Prasad was awarded Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of the country for his unthinkable contribution to the Indian struggle movement and Indian politics.
He passed away on 28 February in the year of 1963. The library named Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya situated in Patna is dedicated after his death.
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