Indian National Flag: Know the Importance, History, and Facts

All about Indian National Flag: In this, we will tell you everything about the Importance, History, and Facts of Indian Tiranga Flag.


The Indian flag is a national symbol designed in a horizontal rectangular shape. It is designed using three colors, such as deep saffron (Top), white (middle) and green (lowest).

The middle white color has a dark blue Ashoka chakra (which means the Wheel of the Law) in the middle has 24 spokes in the wheel. The current form of the national flag was adopted at a meeting of the Legislative Assembly on the 22nd of July, 1947.

The Indian authorities have announced the current flag of India as the official flag. Because the Indian flag contains three colors, it is also called Tiranga. It is based on the Swaraj flag (means the flag of the National Congress of India, designed by Pingali Venkayya).

The Indian flag means a lot to the people of India. This has significant significance and honor for the Indian public. The Indian flag was made using a specific type of clothing called Khadi (hand-spun fabric popularized by Mahatma Gandhi).

The Indian Flag Code governs the use of the Indian flag (with any other national or non-state flags), and the rights associated with state emblems. Using the national flag is prohibited by private citizens except for national days.

However, at the request of Naveen Jindal (private citizen) in 2002, the law was changed for the limited use of the flag by the Government of India (Union Cabinet of India) to the decision of the Supreme Court of India. In 2005, it was changed again to use the flag further.

The Meaning & relevance of the Indian flag

The Indian flag was designed and adopted as a symbol of nationalism and freedom.

The Indian flag means a lot to us. Our symbol of unity is to guide us in one common way of Dharma, even after professing various religions of Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism. The three-color and Ashoka chakra (or Wheel of Law) of the Indian flag reveal meanings which are:

The color saffron

The top part of the national flag is the color of saffron, which indicates the courage and selflessness of the nation. This is the standard and religiously significant color of religions such as Hindu, Buddhist, and genie.

The saffron color indicates the renunciation and absolution of the nation’s ego belonging to another religion and unites to become one. The color of saffron has a significant meaning that reminds political leaders of dedication to the country, and of doing work dedicated to the good of the nation seeking no personal gain.

White color

The middle part of the national flag designs in white, which represents the nation’s honesty, purity, and peace. According to Indian philosophy, white color also represents purity and knowledge. It illuminates the path of truth to lead the nation.

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Green color

The lowest part of the Indian national flag is designed using a green color that represents the faith, fertility, and well-being of the nation. According to the philosophy of India, green is a festive and stabilizing color that represents life and happiness. It indicates the greenery of the earth throughout India.

Ashoka Chakra and 24 spokes

According to Hindu religion, 24 is significant in the Puranas. The Ashok Chakra considers the Dharma chakra, also known as the Samay chakra.

The Ashok chakra has 24 spokes inside, which represents 24 precious hours of the day. He also describes the 24 Dharma Rishi of the Hindu religion that wielded the full power of the Gayatri Mantra (the most powerful Hindu mantra).

Keeping the Ashok chakra in the Indian flag has a long history. Many years ago Lord Buddha received nirvana or Enlightenment in Gaya.

After receiving nirvana, he turned to Sarnath, Varanasi, where he met with his five disciples (or panch vargiya Bhikshu), named Kaundinya, Ashwajeet, Bhadrak, Mahanaam, and Kashyap.

Lord Buddha preached to them his first sermon describing and distributing Dharmachakra. This was taken by King Ashoka to represent at the top of his pillars, which later became Ashok Chakra in the center of the Indian flag. The Ashoka chakra on the national flag indicates a strong bond of the nation with the Buddhist faith.

Twelve spokes denote the teachings of Lord Buddha, but another 12 are compared with their counterparts. Such as Avidya (means lack of knowledge), Samskara (means shaper), Vijnana (means consciousness).

Namarupa (means name and form), Sadayatana (involves six senses such as ear, eye, tongue, nose, body and mind), Sparsa (means contact), Vedana (means pain), Trsna (means desire), Upadana (means grip), Bhava (means coming to be), Jati (means birth), Jaramarana (means old age) and death.

Why Ashok Chakra is Blue?

The dark blue Ashok chakra in the center of the white stripe of the national flag indicates the highest truth of the universe.

What the 24 spokes represent?

According to the Hindu religion, all 24 spokes of the national flag represent life, or Dharma, which are: love, courage, patience, peace, generosity, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, selflessness, self-control, dedication, truthfulness, justice, justice, mercy, gratitude, Humility, Empathy, Compassion, Spiritual Knowledge, Moral Values, Spiritual Wisdom, Fear of God and Faith (Faith or Hope).

History of Indian National Flag

Pingali Venkayya, a farmer and freedom fighter from Andhra Pradesh designed the national flag of India.

The first Indian national flag was hoisted on the 7th of August, 1906, in Calcutta on Parsee Bagan Square.

The first person to raise the national flag in a foreign country was Mrs. Bhikaji Cama on the 22nd of August, 1907 in Germany.

A postage stamp was issued in 2009 to commemorate the significant contribution of Pingali Venkayya.

The Indian national flag was also hoisted on Mt. Everest with the national flags of Great Britain and Nepal on the 29th of May, 1953.

India became the fourth country to hoist the Indian national flag on the moon on the 14th of November, 2008 via the unmanned satellite orbital Chandrayaan-1.

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The flag becomes the symbol of the country, so each independent country needs a flag to represent the unique symbol of a particular nation. The national flag of India was first adopted in its current form on the 22nd of July, 1947.

At the Legislative Assembly meeting, a few days before the country’s independence from British rule on the 15th of August, 1947, it was designed by Pingali Venkayya using tricolor, Ashok Chakra and Khadi clothes.

The Indian flag is designing in a horizontal shape in which all three- colors using in equal proportions. The flag makes in the ratio of the width and length is 2: 3. The middle white bar contains a navy blue wheel representing the Ashok chakra with 24 arms.

Before the final adoption of the national flag, it undergoes various unusual changes since its first creation. They discovered and searched for a unique national flag to recognize the country during the national fight for freedom from British rule.

The evolution of the Indian flag

Some say that the national flag was first raised on the 7th of August, 1906, in a green park (also called Parsee Bagan square) in Calcutta. It was a designed flag with three horizontal tricolor stripes (red, yellow and green).

The highest green line contains eight (8) white lotus flowers. The middle yellow bar is written in the middle with “Vande Matram” in Hindi. Also, the lowest red bar contains the crescent (left corner) and the sun (right corner).

According to history, some say that the Indian national flag was raised for the second time in Paris by Madame Cama with the exiled revolutionary team in 1907. Later this flag was displayed at a social conference in Berlin.

The second flag differed slightly from the first. The top orange color bar contains one lotus flower and seven stars (identifying Saptarishis). The middle yellow stripe is written “Vande Matram” in Hindi in the middle. The lowest green bar contains the sun in the left corner and a white crescent and star in the right corner.

It was raised for the third time by Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak in 1917 during the ruling movement in the country. It was designed using five red and four green horizontal stripes (equally divided) differently.

It also contains seven identifying stars Saptarishis and Union Jack in the upper left corner, and a white crescent and a star in the top right corner.

In 1921, the Congress Committee of India in Vijayawada designed a flag (having two stripes of red and green representing the Hindu and Muslim community) and took it to Mahatma Gandhi Ji. He suggested adding a white bar (in the middle to represent other communities) and the blue circle (Charkha) representing the progress of the nation.

Finally, in 1931, a resolution was adopted to adopt the three-colored flag (suggested by Gandhiji) in India. This flag contains top saffron, middle white, and bottom green stripes. The middle white strip contains a reel in the middle.

However, he was adopted on the 22nd of July, 1947 at a meeting of the Legislative Assembly. They adopted a national flag of the same tri-colors and significance with a slight change.

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The reel has been changed to Dharma Charkh of King Asoka as an emblem on the national flag. This flag eventually became the national flag of Independent India.

Importance of India National Flag

The Indian flag is a symbol of national pride, which represents the hopes and aspirations of the Indians. From Indian independence to the present day, brave soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces saved Tiranga from enemies and retained their full glory.

The Indian flag code is a pre-defined set of rules that regulate the use of the Indian flag by people or other people from another country. The Indian Standards office may manage the production, design and proper use of the national flag as following established standards (created in 1968 and updated in 2008).

The national flag code for India was written in 2002 and combined with such acts as: “The Emblems and Names Act (Prevention of Misuse), 1950 (No. 12 of 1950), The Act on Prevention of Insults against National Honor, 1971 (No. 69 of 1971). Finally, the flag code entered into force on the 26th of January, 2002. As the “Code of India, 2002”, it consists of three parts, such as:

The first part contains a general description of the national flag.

The second part instructs the use of the national flag by society, members of private organizations and educational institutions.

The third part instructs the use of the national flag by central and state governments, including their organizations and agencies.

All rules, regulations, and authority to use the national flag have been officially described under the heading of the Indian Flag Code. “The top panel color is Indian Saffron (Kesari) and the bottom panel color is green. The middle panel should be white, with Ashoka’s dark blue navy-blue pattern placed in the center with 24 evenly spaced arms. “

Rules & Regulations for India national flag code

According to the system of the Indian national flag based on the regulations of the 26th of January 2002, to be able to fly the flag, specific rules and regulations must be observed:

It allows you to hoist the flag in educational institutions (such as schools, colleges, universities, sports camps, scouting, etc.) as an inspiration for students to respect their national flag. As the flag hoists, the promise of commitment to educational institutions must adhere.

Public or private organizations may hoist the national flag at any social occasion, respecting the dignity and honor of the flag. Under section 2 of the new code, private citizens can also fly the flag at their premises.

It is stipulated that no one should use the flag for public or personal purposes, such as using it as an item of clothing. It is only flown from sunrise to sunset in any weather.

“For us, Muslims, Christians, Jews, Parsis, and all others for whom India is their home, it is necessary to recognize the common flag as life and death.” – Mahatma Gandhi

Every year on the 26th of January and the 15th of August, the Indian flag has been hoisting by the current president and prime minister at the Rajpath and Red Fort to celebrate the country’s Republic and Independence Day.

The national flag, also known as Tricolor or Tiranga, is not just a piece of material, but an integral part of the national fight for freedom and remains a symbol of unity after independence.