On this page, you will read a persuasive Essay on Chandra Sekhar Azad in 1100 Words for Students and Children’s. It includes his early life, career, revolutionary life, legacy, death, and other information.
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Introduction (Essay on Chandra Sekhar Azad 1100Words)
Chandra Shekhar Azad, well known by his self-titled Azad, is an Indian legend in the history of the independence struggle. He has renamed the Hindustan Republican Association to the name of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) just after the demise of its founder named Ram Prasad Bismil.
Other prominent party leaders are Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri, and Ashfaqullah Khan. He time and again took the nickname “Balraj” when signing the leaflets given as the Commander-in-Chief of the HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republic Army).
Early life and career
Azad Chandrasekhar Tiwari was born on July 23, 1906, in the village of Bhabra in the present Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. His ancestors belonged to Badarkha village near Kanpur (in the present-day district). His mother, Jagrani Devi Tiwari, Sitaram Tiwari’s third wife, and his previous wives received an early death calling. After the birth of the first son Sukhdev Tiwari in Badarka, the family moved to the state of Alirajpur.
His mother wanted her son to become a great Sanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to the Kashi Vidyapeeth in Banaras to opt for higher studies. In December 1921, it was a time when Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi launched a non-cooperative movement, then 15-year-old student Chandra Shekhar joined.
As a result, he was arrested. After attending before the magistrate, he gave his name “Azad” (The Free), his father’s name “Independence” (independence) and his residence “Prison”. From that day he was known among the people as Chandra Shekhar Azad.
After Gandhi stopped the non-cooperation movement in 1922, Azad became more aggressive. He came across a young and rising revolutionary, Manmat Nath Gupta, who familiarized him to Ram Prasad Bismil, who was the founder of the Revolutionary Association of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA).
He later became an active member of the HSRA and began raising funds for the HRA. Much of the fundraising has been through the exploitation of public assets. He was one among who caused the Kakori train robbery in 1926, in 1926, in Lahore Lajpat Rai’s assassination in 1928 in an attempt to avenge the Viceroy of India train. B. Sanders fired.
Despite being a member of Congress, Motilal regularly gave money to support Jawaharlal Nehru and Azad.
Operations in Jhansi
Azad has, for some time, made Jhansi, the centre of his organization. He used the Orcha forest about 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) from Jhansi as a place to practice shooting, and as he was an expert in marksman, he trained other members of his team.
Further, he built a hut near the Hanuman temple on the banks of the Satar River and lived under the Pandit Harishankar Brahmachari alias. He taught the children of the nearby village of Dhirmapura (now renamed Azadpura by the Madhya Pradesh government) and was able to establish good relations with the residents.
While living in Jhansi, he learned to drive a car at the Bundelkhand Motor Garage in Sadar Bazaar. Sadashivrao Malkapurkar, Vishwanath Vaishampayan and Bhagwan Das Mahour became close friends with him and became part of his revolutionary group.
The then Congress leaders Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar and Sitaram Bhaskar Bhagwat were also close to Azad. He stayed at Rudra Narayan Singh’s house in Nai Basti for some time, as well as at Bhagwat’s home in Nagra.
With Shaheed Bhagat Singh
Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was formed in 1924 by Bismil, Chatterjee, Sachindra Nath Sanyal Shachindra Nath Bakshi, and Ashfakullah Khan. After the Kakori train robbery of 1925, the British stopped the revolutionary activities.
Prasad, Ashfakullah Khan, Thakur Roshan Singh, and Rajendra Nath Lahiri were sentenced to death. Azad, Keshab Chakraborty, and Murari Sharma avoided capture. The HRA was later reorganized with the help of revolutionaries like Chandra Shekhar Azad Sheo Verma and Mahaveer Singh.
In September 1928 Azad and Bhagat Singh secretly reorganized HRA as HRA to achieve its primary objective of independent India based on the socialist principles. The insights of his revolutionary activities have been described in writings by a fellow member of HSRA, Manmath Nath Gupta.
Manmath Nath Gupta was also the writer of his biography named “Chandrashekhar Azad” and in his book called “History of the Indian Revolutionary Movement”, he gave an elaborated view of the activities of Azad and the agendas of Azad and HSRA.
Alfred Park in Prayagraj (formerly Allahabad), where Azad died, was renamed, Chandrasekhar Azad Park. These days, you’ll find a lot m roads, colleges, schools, and other public institutions across India to be named after him.
Starting with Manoj Kumar’s 1965 film Shaheed, he played the role of Azad in many films. Manmohan played Azad in the 1965 film. Sunny Deol played Azad in the movie on March 23 1931. Here, Shaheed, Azad was portrayed by Akhilendra Mishra in The Legend of Bhagat Singh and Shaheed-e-Azam. Raj Jhansi played the character of Azad.
The 2006 film Rang De Basanti portrayed the lives of Azad, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Bismil, and Ashfaq, with Aamir Khan describing Azad. Drawing parallels between the lives of young revolutionaries such as Azad and Bhagat Singh and the youth of today, the film is based on the lack of appreciation for the sacrifices made by these men in today’s Indian youth.
The 2018 television series Chandrashekhar cherished the life of Chandra Shekhar Azad from childhood to a great revolutionary leader. The series stars young Chandrasekhar Azad as Ayan Zubair, Azad as a teenager, Dev Joshi and Adult Azad as Karan Sharma.
Azad died on February 27, 1931, at Azad Park in Prayagraj. There were police surrounded him in the park after Virbhadra Tiwari (his old partner who later became a traitor). He was injured in the process of protecting himself and Sukhdev Raj (not to be confused with Sukhdev Thapar), killing three police officers and wounding others. His actions made Sukhdev Raj’s escape possible.
He shot himself when he saw police surrounded him as it left no option but to escape after the ammunition ran out. It is also said that he used to shoot to kill himself in case he was caught by the British. Chandra Shekhar Azad’s Colt pistol is on display at the Allahabad Museum.
The body was then sent to Rasulabad Ghat for cremation letting no one know about it including the general public. As soon as it was discovered, people surrounded the park where the incident took place. He raised slogans against British rule and praised Azad.
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