In this article, we have published an Essay on Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Early Life, Education, Career, Awards, Personal Life and Death.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the primary Vice-President and second President of India. He was an Indian philosopher also as statesman too. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was given the very best civilian award, i.e., Bharat Ratna, and in 1963 he was awarded the honorary membership award of British Royal Order.
The thinking of Radhakrishnan regarding the teachers was that they must use the power to vary the country through their excellent values. They should imbibe this within the mind of kids. From the year 1962, the birthday of Radhakrishnan is widely known on every 5th of September. It is celebrated as the Teachers’ Day in India.
Also read – Teachers Day celebration in India
Birth and Studies
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on the 5th of September within the year 1888 at Tirutani situated in Madras, South India. He belonged to an economically low Brahmin family where his father, SarvepalliVeeraswami, was an employee within the zamindari, and his mother, Sitamma, taken care of the households.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan did his schooling in both Tirutani, his native place, also as in Tirupati. He did his Bachelors and Master’s Degree within the subject philosophy. Radhakrishnan found his education more important and attained many scholarships to afford the tutorial expenses as his family was financially low.
Education of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a clever schoolchild who got numerous scholarships at that point. During the age of 17 years, he took admission in Voorhees College at Vellore. Within the year 1906, he finished his graduation within the subject of philosophy. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had written the thesis “The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions” for his degree for M.A.
In the year 1909, Dr. Radhakrishnan was appointed as the head-branch of logic in the school of Madras. Further, he was chosen as a teacher of philosophy at the University of Mysore. Being there he taught a significant number of his philosophical learning them and so was named as an educator.
After his philosophy, he went on to become the Vice-Chancellor of the Andhra Pradesh University from the Year 1931 to 1936, and in the year 1936, he was named as a great professor of eastern religion and morals at the University of Oxford. He was also the Vice-Chancellor of the Delhi University and Banaras Hindu University during different periods in his career.
The Role of Education
Also read- Essay on the Importance of Education
There is no denying of the fact that education alone could help in eradicating a lot of unwanted evil and vices present in our society. When people are educated and are capable of making an informed and judicious decision, they would be in a better position to understand what separates the good from the bad.
This is why it is critical to put the right kind of emphasis on offering good and quality education. The leaders of today need to take a cue from the efforts of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. More and more laws should be made to offer free access to primary education for all.
According to Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, if we want our country to progress and make a name, the youth must be granted education. The right kind of learning spirit should be fostered because we need intellectual minds to pin our country on the world map and make it count.
A career as a Teacher
After his M.A. degree in education, he was offered an assistant lectureship job in the Madras Presidency College. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was too much interested in the philosophical stream and mastered in the subjects like Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Brahma Sutra, etc., which are the different classics in Hindu philosophy.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was not limited to Hindu philosophy but also researched in Jain and Buddhist philosophies. Due to his studies and excellence in the Philosophical field, he got appointed as the Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mysore in the year 1918 and later on got nominated for the same designation at Calcutta University in the year 1921.
Due to multiple efforts taken by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian Philosophy found a remarkable place in world history and was admired by everyone in and around. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was also often invited to take lectures on the same subject at Oxford University.
His continuous hard work and innovation have made Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan to get selected for the post of Vice-Chancellor in Andhra University as well as Vice-Chancellor in the Banaras Hindu University in the year 1939. He never hesitated to spread his love and passion for philosophy, and he found the better way through publishing it as books. Thus Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan also became one of the most appreciated authors of his time and still.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the ambassador to UNESCO and Soviet Union in the years 1946 and 1949, respectively. He was honored with Vice President’s post in the year 1952 and thus initiated his contribution as a true leader of India from then on along with his other works. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was awarded Bharat Ratna for all his dedication and hard actions he has done in the year 1954.
His two-term lengthier Vice president role came to an end, and he got elected as the President of India in the year 1962. After all his efforts and tiring works, he opted to retire in the year 1967 to live a peaceful life later on.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a true inspiration for many teachers and professors who found their passion in this profession. He found teaching as a way of spreading knowledge rather than getting good pay from it. This ideology of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan made his birthday to be celebrated as Teacher’s Day to remind every people in the teaching profession of his thinking and hardships.
Marriage and Family of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was wedded to Sivakamu at the age of 16 years. He had five daughters and one son as his kids. His wife died within the year 1956 after 51 years of their wedded life.
Dr. Radhakrishnan was one of India’s ideal and most persuasive twentieth-century researchers of relative religion and philosophy. His barrier of the Hindu conventions has been exceptionally influential both in India and the western world. In India, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s thoughts added to the development of India as a country state. His compositions added to the official status of Vedanta as “the basic perspective of Hinduism.”
In the western world, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s translations of the Hindu custom, and his accentuation on “profound experience,” made Hinduism all the more promptly available for a western group of onlookers. It added to the impact Hinduism has on current otherworldliness.
Awards and Recognitions
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was given the Bharat Ratna in the year 1954. Furthermore, he was likewise selected for the Nobel Prize for more than 15 times, and he won the Nobel Prize 11 times in Literature. He composed numerous quotes as well, which are still remembered today. For example, the famous quote, “when we think we know we cease to learn,” was given by Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was honored with Bharat Ratna by the Indian government. The Templeton foundation in the United States of America also conferred him with the Templeton Prize. The British government honored him with the membership of the British Royal Order of Merit.
Teacher’s Day Celebration
When Radhakrishnan became the Indian president, a few fellows, students, and friends asked him to possess his birthday celebration. But rather than a birthday celebration, he decided to celebrate his birthday because of the Teacher’s day on 5th September. Teacher’s day is widely known in India by students also as teachers to make a robust connection between the teachers and pupils. On today, some students perform like their teachers.
He was cherished entirely by his students and was known to be a great, intuitive, and congenial instructor. He was always prepared to help and was dependably there for his students. There could be no better day to commend our teachers than celebrating his birthday as the Teacher’s day.
In fact, it was his own wish that instead of any other celebrations, his birthday should be celebrated as the Teacher’s day. True to his request, students across the country celebrate this day every year and remember his teachings as well.
Teacher’s Day is celebrated all over India with a great deal of energy. Students make cards for teachers, take their blessings and thank them for the beautiful job they do in shaping the lives and careers of the students. Everybody recognizes how a teacher is instrumental in the growth of a student, and we should ever be thankful to them for what transforming us in what we are today.
The Bottom Line (Conclusion)
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was one of the foremost prominent scholars of the 20th century within the religious conviction and values. He always supported the culture and tradition of Hindus.
It was extremely dominant in India and, therefore, the western a part of the planet. The ideas of Radhakrishnan contributed to the event of India as a sovereign state. His demise happened at the age of 86 years on 17th April 1975 in Chennai.