In this article, you will read about National Science Day in India. It includes date, importance, celebration and various activities of National Science Day in India.
Introduction (National Science Day in India)
National Science Day celebrates on 28th February all over India. On this day in 1928, a significant scientific discovery was made in India through a simple experiment.
This is nothing more than the “Raman Effect,” which is called on the name of discoverer Sir. C.V. Raman. This brought him a Noble Award and actively strengthened India on the list of scientifically developing countries.
C.V. Raman contributed to science even at the age of 18, publishing his inventions and discoveries in international magazines “Nature.” He founded the first Indian research institute promoting research among Indians.
To popularize the advantages of scientific knowledge, 28th February celebrates as National Science Day. Activists organized to commemorate this occasion include science debates, quiz competitions, exhibitions and lectures with students and teachers from colleges and schools. All programs and activities revolve around the topic chosen every year.
National Science Day purpose
The primary purpose of the National Science Day celebrations is to spread the message about the importance of science and its application to the people.
This is necessary to accelerate the pace of development. Even in the 21st century, despite many significant achievements, some parts of our society are still driven by blind faith and beliefs. It is reflecting on the quality of decisions on development issues.
Observation of the National Science Day tries to generate scientifically-minded citizens, which helps to raise scientific views among school children. Health and hygiene issues are the fundamental problems of ordinary people.
Everyday use of science and technology such as clean drinking water, knowledge of various agricultural practices to increase plant production, awareness of combating infectious diseases, and the utility of protecting biodiversity is spreading among future generations.
Science has contributed to the well-being of people, starting with disease eradication, space exploration, energy production, information technology. Barriers have been broken to ensure life comfortable and convenient through advanced science development to benefit humanity.
Biotechnology has a significant impact on developing agriculture, health, environment, industry, and the pharmaceutical industry. Communication at lower costs, with greater availability, is another product of technological progress.
Science Oriented Dr. C.V Raman biography
Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman (C V Raman) was born in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu on November 1888. His father was a lecturer in physics and mathematics. So even from an early age, Raman was immersed in an academic atmosphere. At a very young age, Raman moved to the city of Vishakapatnam, in the state of Andhra Pradesh. On 6th May 1907,
Raman grew up in an atmosphere of music, Sanskrit literature, and science. He matriculated from high school at 11, then moved to the prestigious Madras Presidium university. In 1904, while he was fifteen, he received the title of B.Sc. Honors in physics and English. He gained a Master degree in 1907. He received the highest distinction. After graduation, Raman worked as an accountant at the Department of Finance of the Government of India.
When Raman graduated in India, there were few opportunities for scientists. This forced him to take a position in the Indian civil service as deputy chief accountant in Calcutta.
His passion for learning, enthusiasm for work, and curiosity about learning new things made him interested in sound studies. When he was eighteen, one of his first scientific articles were published in the Philosophical Magazine in England. Later another article was published in the scientific journal Nature.
In the years 1917–1948 he worked as a professor of physics at the University of Calcutta. Then he became the director of the Raman Institute of Research in Bangalore, founded and gifted by himself.
What is the Raman Effect?
We are happy to see the rainbow. Shades of red, yellow, orange, yellow, blue, green, indigo and purple are visible in it. The ray of the sun covers all these colors when the beam of sunlight passes through the glass prism you can see a patch of these color bands.
These spectral lines are characteristic of the light passing through the prism. A light beam that forms a single spectral line is considered monochrome, when a beam of monochromatic light passes through a transparent substance, the beam disperse.
Raman spent much time studying diffused light. 28th February 1928. He observed two low-intensity spectral lines corresponding to incident monochromatic light. Years of his work has resulted in fruit. Raman’s experiments have discovered a hidden phenomenon.
16th March 1928, It is an unforgettable day in the history of science. That day, Raman announced the world a new phenomenon he had discovered. He attracted the attention of the researcher around the world and became known as the “Raman effect.”
Honors and awards
Raman has received many honors from around the world for his achievements. In 1928, the Scientific Society of Rome awarded him the Matteucci medal. The British gave knighthood in 1929 and since then became known as professor Sir C.V. Raman. The following year, he was awarded the prestigious Hughes Medal from the Royal Society.
Honorary doctoral degrees awarded to universities in Freiburg (Germany), Glasgow (England), Paris (France), Mumbai, Benaras, Patna, Mysore, and several others. In 1930, the Swedish Academy of Sciences chose Raman for the Nobel Prize in Physics. He was the first Indian, or more precisely the first Asian, who received this award in his time.
He was appointed a director of the Tata Institute in Bangalore in 1933. The Tata Institute soon became famous for its crystal research. Raman and Nagendranath have elegantly explained the diffraction of light by ultrasonic waves in the liquid. This became known as “Raman – Nath Theory.”
To encourage research in India, Raman founded the Academy of Sciences in 1934. From this year, the scientific journal The Proceedings of the Academy is published monthly to a date. The Academy’s Executive Committee named the center “Raman Research Institute” in 1948 he became the director of the Institute.
The top honor that the Indian government gave him is the Bharat Ratna award. Raman became “Bharat Ratna” in 1954.
Scientific skill means applying the principles of science to problem-solving. Scientific expertise begins by reading these scientific facts, practicing the principles of scientific discovery, and learning about fact-finding.
The relationship between objects is a fact. Achieving scientific knowledge means understanding the source of this relationship. Scientific skill is increasingly important in a world dependent on technology and science.
There are three steps to achieving scientific knowledge. The first step involves learning the facts by reading, observing, and listening. Second, it uses its rules (syntax) to create a context.
In science, this requires the use of mathematics, thanks to which we represent relationships between objects. Third, this is a practice not only to read and understand the logic of factual knowledge but also to work with your hands, read with your senses, and think with your brain.
- Know the role of science in society and appreciates cultural conditions. Know those conceptual inventions and investigative procedures.
- It understands the mutual relations of science and society, ethics, the nature of science, including the basic concepts and relationships of science and the humanities.
- Appreciates the role of science in a humanistic way and feels at ease reading or talking to utilization about science at a non-technical level.
A year of scientific awareness
To increase students’ interest in basic science, the Department of Science and Technology (DST), the Government of India, proclaimed 2004 the “Year of Scientific Awareness.” DST functions as a node department coordinating and monitoring activities throughout the year through the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) and Vigyan Prasar (VP). The main goals of YSA 2004 are:
- Increasing public awareness of the significance and research of science and technology;
- Passing on to young people information related to the progress of science and technology;
Stimulating the ordinary man’s scientific temperament, and increasing the community’s ability to make informed decisions.
Science and humanity
Technology: The application of science has made fantastic progress in every aspect of life like better health, more wealth, less drudgery, and more access to information.
However, there is the opposite side of the picture. The knowledge acquired by science is misdirecting to the detriment of humanity. Applying science and technology to the development and production of weapons of mass destruction has created a real threat to the further existence of the human race on this planet.
There must use the scientist’s creativity in fulfilling its proper benefits, increasing our cultural and intellectual heritage, protecting the environment, and improving the fate of people. Thus it is contributing to the establishment of a just and peaceful world.
The dependency of Human on science
We are in the age of science and technology. Man cannot live without the help of science. Science has consumed our lives so much that nothing can take place in our daily work without the help of science. Our food, transport, administration, recreation, and social life are related to science in various ways.
An essential aspect of progress in science and technology is the analytical reasoning and removal of various orthodox and superstitious beliefs that enlighten ordinary people. Considerable advances in nuclear technology, medical sciences, biotechnology, nanotechnology, etc. have caused almost everything possible.
Weather forecasting, brain surgery, heart transplantation, heart valve change, planting of every human organ, including eye limbs and every bone, have made a man more than immortal. Advances in biological sciences in genetic engineering have made a man jealous of God. Sheep cloning has become a reality, and research is underway on human cloning.
The rapidly developing science and technology is exposing nature to great danger. Air, water, and noise pollution, global warming have threatened the existence of the world.
The invention of chemical weapons also threatened the entire civilization, which can expose humanity to incurable diseases. Rapid progress in genetic engineering can allow the development of a human clone, and the catastrophic effects of such an invention can ruin any tissue of morality, ethics, and civilization.
The worst curse of progress in science and technology is that man felt Almighty and ignored spiritual and human values. The man has lost his peace of mind, inner satisfaction, and ethical values in new and newer progress in science and technology.
Science – blessing or curse
Science and technology have brought both good and evil into the present world. Invention or technological progress is neither bad nor good. The user turns it into a blessing or a curse. If he uses them to destroy others, they become a curse. Otherwise, they are blessed.
Man is a rational being. He can protect himself against all adversities. In this way, he conquered and controlled all other creatures that sinned with the world. So let us believe that his wisdom will prevail and it will justify prosperity on this planet.