Essay on Water Pollution for Students in 1000 Words

Here, you will read an Essay on Water Pollution for Students in 1000 Words. We have also explained Its Facts, Causes, Effects, and Control and Prevention Steps.

So, let’s start the Essay on Water Pollution…

What is Water Pollution?

‘The Loss of Vigor in a Freshwater body like lakes, rivers oceans, and groundwater due to Toxic mixed substances through human activity is known as Water Pollution”.  The mixture of Toxic substances into water and lying beneath the surface of water degrades the quality, of water. This process will be supplied into our daily activities and for drinking also the which is causing a significant threat to our lives.

Causes of Water Pollution

Freshwater is only 25% in the total water resources, the water contaminated with 70% of industrial waste, more than 6 billion pounds of garbage, and the majority of plastic is dumped into oceans. 

There is a point alerted in Newspapers in the month of July quoting, and there will be more plastic bottles than the fish in near future beaches. The more effect on flora and Fauna with the details given:

 80% of domestic sewage is causing Water Pollution, and the water is the chief source for Cholera and typhus diseases to humankind.

Fifteen million children aging less than five were killed with Water Pollution related infections, and 2.5 billion were affected worldwide. Eleven million liters of radioactive substance were mixed into the Pacific ocean in 2011, Tsunami through Japan and debris of 70 K.M.s islands were formed.

Asia is the most populated continent in which bacteria from human waste accounted to be high. Million Tons of human waste is mixed into the water, worldwide.

The most polluted river in the world contains dirt, garbage dead animals and humans is in our Country- The Ganges. The Underground water contaminated with arsenic, which is highly toxic, poisonous, and carcinogenic in Bangladesh.

The drinking water in China is polluted, with nearly 20% Carcinogens. Almost 40% of rivers and 46% of lakes are contaminated and are not suitable for swimming, fishing or any activity in America and sewage is a threat to water bodies.

Facts of Water pollution

Nearly more than a dozen Facts for Water Pollution, they include pollutants from Industry, Agriculture, energy production, Sewage, and other activities. Mississippi River carries an estimated 1.5 million metric tons of nitrogen pollution into the Gulf of Mexico.

Nearly 1.2 Trillion gallons of untreated sewage, stormwater, and industrial waste are dumped U.S. water resources.

Near 70% of industrial waste are dumped into waters without untreated, and more the 80% of Sewage water is unprocessed. Nearly 20,000 known abandoned and uncontrolled hazardous waste sites could be contaminated if there is a leak.

The Animal discharge of sewage and industrial waste in the Yangtze River has reached 25 billion tons, more than 70% of rivers and lakes were polluted in China and unfit to human use.

Industry dump is estimated 300-400 MT of polluted waste in waters every year, and Nitrate from agriculture is standard in the world’s aquifers.

Causes of Water Pollution

Human activity is the leading Cause for Water Pollution in dumping into industrial waste, temperature rise, Reduce of oxygen, and deforestation. The Leaking underground storage Tank, Streams, dump, spills, and leaks, abandoned wells, Leakage sewage system.

Damming of Rivers resulting in the effects of downstream agriculture and fisheries. More eutrophication I due tons stay in the dam, increased evaporation in dams, especially with a large area.

Destruction of wetlands, the release of waste by Industries, mining can increase the number of minerals and salts in the water. Agriculture resulting in Soil Erosion, and nutrients increasing by Pesticide use.

Effects of Water Pollution

Water Pollution is very harmful to humans, animals, and water life.  The impact on human beings, animals, and water animals can be catastrophic, depending on the kind of chemicals, concentrations of the Pollutants.

Urban waste diverted to nearby water resources, Garbage dump, Illegal dump by manufacturing, Garbage dump, illegal dump by manufacturing units, health centers, and hospitals,  Schools and Market places (Garbage).

Loss of Aquatic fauna:- Water pollution kills organisms dependant on the water; often we experience Dead fish, Crabs, birds and Seagulls, Dolphins and other Animals is due to Water pollution.

 Tiny animals will consume the crash of Food Chains:- Lead, and Cadmium, these will be consumed fish, and the same will be consumed by humans or others will be a great disaster and great menace in the food chain and loss of species on earth and water in particular.

Human health, Ecosystems, Death of Animals is the primary and familiar Points that will be affected, resulting in a tremendous economic cost for purifying. The U.S. Tourism Industry is losing $1 billion a year from losses in fishing and recreational activities due to Water pollution in the country.

How to Control Water pollution?

There are several Industries causing Water pollution by discharging the waste into oceans, and Accidental spills are causing a lot of environmental consequences. Do not release oils, fats or grease through Kitchen Sink, instead keep a waste utensil and discard into solid waste.

Do not drain contaminated liquids, Pills, drugs, or medicines into Drains. Instead, use the recommended disposal methods to control the water bodies to be polluted. Do not use toilets as Bin, minimum use of detergents, pesticides & fertilizers. Promote trash properly, promote sewage treatment and management. 

Conserve water, promote environmentally safe products, promote greenery, and support green-oriented products, promote recyclable and reusable options don’t promote plastic. Dispose of used oils at its collection points pickup Pet waste, promote organic farming, report the local authorities any pollution activities.

Install water-efficient household appliances and participate in the Prevention of water pollution activities or save waters from pollution campaigns.


Promote more activities to save precious water schemes as and when possible, give the most honor for water and life, Don’t waste nor pollute rivers, Pay for water services and be active to solve or rectify any water problems, conserve water and thereby save our water and environment. People who are nearby water resources us it very safely and cautiously for sustainable and promising life on our planet.