here you will read ‘Indian Farmer Essay’ for students and children in 1000 words. It includes importance, role, daily life, types, challanges of a Indian farmer.
lets start this Indian farmer essay.
Indian Farmer Essay in English (1000 Words)
As per Amit Kalantri, wealth of words, “If a farmer is rich, then so is the nation.” He refers to farmers as “magicians who make money out of mud.” For a farmer, dirt is not a waste, but a source of wealth for him.
India is an agricultural country as 55% of the Indian population relies on this primary sector. It’s a land of farmers, and you will find more people relying on agriculture to fulfil their economic needs.
Youth have started migrating toward the agricultural sector due to the scarcity of stable jobs in the Indian economy. Agriculture and other agricultural-related secondary activities employ more than 50% of the workforce, and that’s why farmers are considered the backbone of the Indian economy.
Farmers are the only ones who do a lot of hard work to avail us of the final product we get on the market. So, we can refer to them as the “soul of the nation.” Farming is one of the earliest occupations of humankind.
The Importance & Role of an Indian Farmer
As per the census report 2011 and the Register General of India, there are about 120 million farmers and 150 million agricultural labourers in the country. This majorly constitutes more than 35% of the rural population.
He is the only one who is both a provider and responsible for growing a sufficiently adequate amount of food for the nation.
The agricultural products that are produced by farmers have a major contribution to the nation’s GDP. Therefore, they are considered one of the most important members of society.
It becomes necessary to note that India was not a self-sufficient food-producing unit before the 1970s. The farmlands of India were inefficient, old, and non-productive. But with time, our imports became a mode of blackmail, and then the country decided that it had enough and needed to tackle this situation on its own.
Since our population resides in rural areas and we have all kinds of resources, we are more capable of producing food for ourselves.
To motivate the Indian farmer, Lal Bahadur Shastri gave a slogan: “Jai Jawan, Jai Kishan”. With the help of M.S. Swaminathan and his contribution to the green revolution, we started producing enough for the country.
Not only had we grown crops to meet our needs, but now we were in a position to start exporting our farm products. In this way, farming has become a major source of revenue for India. Farming adds to our labour force and also to our productivity. It contributes more than 20% of GDP.
With the introduction of the green revolution, we started the export of rice, fresh vegetables, cereal preparations, fresh fruits, groundnuts, cocoa products, pulses, and other cereals. We also started exporting certain cash crops like tea, coffee, oilseeds, spices, cotton, and cashew, making up about 55% of Indian agricultural exports.
The surplus production in our farmland also reduced our cost of imports to a bare minimum. Agriculture is the major source of income for our country. Along with farming, it also provides jobs for most of the people who live in rural India.
It also employs researchers, lab technicians, and others who are working towards modernising Indian agriculture.
Daily Life of an Indian Farmer
Farmers have been the most useful people since the beginning of human civilization. We all depend on agricultural products to meet our requirements for food.
Because Indian farmers grow and carry out agricultural activities, we can avail ourselves of a wide variety of foods. They feed the whole of humanity, yet their living conditions are far from satisfactory.
They have a very tough life. They used to work all day and night on their farm in all seasons. During the summer, they work under the scorching heat, and in the winter, they get wet while ploughing their agricultural fields. He carried out his hard work during the winter despite the dull and cold weather. Farmers live a simple life.
They are used to working on sunny days and also on rainy days. They used to wake up early in the morning and sleep after the setting of the sun. They work hard day and night and watch over their crops by serving as guards against the harm of animals like cattle.
The farmer’s wife and children also help them in all possible ways by conducting various farm activities. Indian farmers can get the best sleep because of the fact that they always work hard during the day.
They are the only ones who only celebrate social and cultural events. They grew crops on their farmland for sale and also for their families.
Types of Indian Farmers
The Indian farmer is a living idol of India, as they are the hardest-working farmers in the world and are always busy with their work.
They work hard for their crop continuously, day and night. India is popularly known as the “land of farmers” because of the involvement of most of the country’s population in it, either directly or indirectly.
Most of the Indian population depends on this agricultural sector. It can be appropriately said that Indian farmers are the backbone of the Indian economy, and farmers are indeed the beloved children of Mother India.
Farming involves the process of growing a wide variety of crops. People from different religions like Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, and Christianity live in India, and they practise different occupations to earn their bread. Still, agriculture is the main occupation for most of the Indian population.
There are six types of farmers in India-
- No land farmers: They are also referred to as landless farmers. They don’t have their own land for cultivation. They work on each other’s agricultural land.
- Marginal farmer: These farmers have agricultural land equal to or less than 1 hectare.
- Small farmers: They have farming land of between 1-2 hectares.
- Semi-medium farmers: these farmers have agricultural land of between 2-4 hectares.
- Medium Farmer: Have landed between 4-6 hectares.
- Large Farmer: These farmers have cultivated land of more than 6 hectares.
Challenges of Indian Farmers in Today’s Era
Indian farmers and agriculture are being plagued by several problems. These problems affect the lives of Indian farmers. It takes time for the Indian farming practice, farmers suffer many problems, but they remain unnoticed in the entire process of extracting food and harvesting crops.
Some of the main problems faced by Indian farmers are as follows:
- Fragmentation of the landholdings of farmers
- Uncertainty in the supply of water
- Lack of remunerated income
- Lack of access to formal credit and also insurance
- Allied infrastructure
- Loss of agricultural land
- Lack of infrastructure in the agricultural sector
- Duplicate seeds in the market
- Faulty groundwater supply
- Lack of mechanisation
- Soil erosion
- Lack of agricultural marketing
- Lack of storage and standardisation
The condition of farmers is very poor, and we need to take some steps to bring them into the mainstream. A government and other NGOs must come forward to make a law to safeguard their interests.
They feed the entire nation, but they struggle to get 2 square meals a day. Farmers also commit suicide as a result of their debts and the burden of guilt that they are unable to feed and provide for their families.
They also migrate to different cities or towns in search of a stable income source that can provide their family with a proper food supply. I hope you liked this informative Indian farmer essay.