In this article, we have published an Essay on Cybercrime, Its Types and How to Stop?
What is Cybercrime?
Cybercrime is the crime that is conducted involving the computer and networks. The computer might be the tool used to commit the crime or the intended target on which the crime has been committed. Cybercrime may be a crime to intentionally harm the reputation of an individual in the digital world, which might cause physical and mental harm to the individual.
It also threatens a person and nation’s security and financial health. Issues like hacking, copyright infringement; unwarranted mass-surveillance, etc. are some of the significant and high prolific crimes that are committed. Computers can be used as both tools and targets depending on the type of hacker utilizing the equipment. These crimes generally involve less technical expertise and typically exploit human weakness.
Just like individuals walking around leaves marks, a skilled tracker can follow. Identities and locations are left by the cybercriminals even though they provide the best efforts to track their tracks. To develop the clues, international treaties are ratified between the countries so that they can follow the concern of hackers committing the crimes and frauds.
The malicious activity of cybercrime was first reported in 1970 when new computerized phones were being targeted. Tech-savvy people found ways to play long-distance calls through a series of codes. They were the first to exploit the system by modifying both software and hardware to steal long-distance phone time.
It was the instance that made people understand that the computer systems are more vulnerable to criminal activity, and more the complex the system became, it became more susceptible to cybercrime.
Types of Cyber Crime
1. Identity Theft:
In this sort of cybercrime, criminals access the profile of the user and use their personal information to steal funds or commit fraud based on the user. The criminal can also generate your digital account and utilize the same to commit fraud and even claim benefits from the various government schemes in your name. The criminal uses the password obtained from hacking the victim’s personal information from social media or by sending phishing emails.
In this particular cybercrime, it involves online harassment where the victim is subjected to a plethora of online messages and emails. Typically the stalker uses social media, websites, and search engines to intimate the victim and instills fear. The stalker knows the victim and makes the person feel afraid and concern for their safety.
This kind of crime also occurs when the website, email server is threatened with repeated denial of service or attacks by the hackers. The hackers demand money in return of promise to stop attacking and provide protection.
By the latest reports, the cybercrime extortion is more and more attacking the corporate website and their networks, crippling their capability to operate and demanding payments to restore their service. At least 20-30 cases are reported each month regarding the extortion, and many are not even reported to cyber crime cells.
The department of defence of the US has noted the increase of cyber warfare in recent times due to constant change in the geostrategic significance. It is one of the fronts that the defence body of every country is focused on order to thwart the hackers from attacking the computer networks of their country.
Further, all the essential utilities of a country, including the defence systems, are monitored controlled through computers and networks with little human intervention.
The criminals are continually finding ways to penetrate the network systems so that they can extort money from the government of the countries. The Defense bodies of the states are always trying to be ten steps ahead of the criminal hackers to defend their homelands.
5. Financial Frauds and Crime:
Computer frauds are where there is a misrepresentation of facts intended to cause harm to an individual or an organization. The evasion will result in altering the data in unauthorized ways like entering the false data or by entering illegal instruction or process.
Modifying or deleting the stored data. Other frauds may include bank fraud or theft of classified information. These type of crimes leads to the loss of private information or financial information.
Through the automated teller machine (ATM), many people get cash nowadays by using the cards and typing personal identification number (PIN). Criminals have developed ways to intercept both data in the magnetic stripe on the cards and the PIN to create fake cards and withdraw the cash from the ATM.
6. Drug trafficking through darknets:
Drug traffickers are always finding ways to sell their products & find new customers for their products. In this modern age of time, Darknet is one of the places in the digital world where the criminals are selling their products to the customers without even coming into physical contact with them.
7. Social Engineering:
It is the kind of crime in which the criminals make direct contact with the victim, usually through phone or email. They try to gain the confidence of the victim by posing as customer service agents so that the victim gives away the required information willingly. Usually, the data is like a password; the company, the victim, works for or bank information.
The cybercriminals will try to find out as much information through social networking and try to add you as your friend on social accounts. Once they gain entry to your accounts, they can sell your information or secure the report in your name.
Potentially Unwanted Programs known as PUPs are less threatening than other cyber-crimes but are a type of malware. The purpose of these programs is to uninstall necessary software from your system, including search engines and pre-downloaded apps. They can include spyware or adware; it is, therefore, an excellent idea to install antivirus software to avoid malicious downloads.
Phishing is the type of attack that involves the hackers sending a malicious attachment along with the email or the URLs to the users to gain access to their computers and accounts.
The cybercriminals are becoming more established; these mails are not also flagged as spam. Sometimes the users are tricked into the emails claiming they have to change the password or update their billing information, giving the hacker access.
10. Illegal Contents:
The cybercrime also involves the hackers sharing inappropriate content that can be considered highly offensive and distressing. Offensive contents can include criminal activities, intense violence, and sexual activity between two adults.
Illegal contents also include the radicalizing of the youths and leading them to commit terror-related activities. These types of materials are available in both everyday internet and anonymous dark web.
Crime and cybercrime have increasingly become a significant problem for society. Both in the public webspace and dark web space, cybercriminals are highly skilled and are not easy to find. Cybercrime has generated a foremost threat to those who use the internet with loads of information stolen by hackers and causing a dent in the economy.
How to fight and stop cybercrime?
In this modern-day age of technology, it seems the hackers are taking over our systems, and no one is safe. The crime is also not easily detectable, but there are ways to protect yourself from these crimes like educating yourself and your colleagues and taking preventive measures.
Becoming more vigilant when browsing the websites, flagging and reporting suspicious emails, never to click on unfamiliar links and ads, use VPN whenever possible, and ensure that the sites are safe before entering your credentials, using a unique and robust password. These are some of the measures that can be used to protect one from cybercrimes.