On this page, you will read an Essay on Social Issues in India for Students in 2000 Words. In India and Every society has specific problems that commonly refer to social issues or social problems. It is a problem that affects a significant percentage of the population or community in a country or world.
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What are Social Issues?
Social issues (social problems, social evil, and social conflict) refer to any undesirable state that opposes the society or part of society. This is an unwanted social situation, which often raises problems; continue that is harmful to society.
Social problems cause many problems by factors that are beyond the control of one person and cause many conflicts for moral reasons.
The drawback of all Social Issues
There are many drawbacks to all social issues. This includes:
- Social issues are situations that have adverse and harmful consequences for society.
- Social issues arise when people leave from nature or society from an ideal situation.
- Almost all social issues have some common origins.
- Many of them are interrogating, and if one solves, the other will also resolve.
- Social issues have a massive lousy impact on society and can affect any part of it.
- Social issues need a common approach to the solution.
- Almost everywhere, societies in this world have social issues.
- India is struggling with many social issues such as the caste system, child labor, illiteracy, gender inequality, superstition, religious conflicts, and more. It is a critical time for society to free itself from these undesirable social evils.
Major Social Issues in India
The main social issues in India are briefly discussed below in the following order-
- Caste system
- Child labor
- Child Marriage
- Gender Inequality
- Domestic Violence against Women
- Sexual Violence and Harassment to Women
- Child Sex Abuse
- Dowry system
- Religious Conflicts
- Child Trafficking
- Over – Population
1. The caste system
The caste system is a system for determining the class or assigning a status to people from birth. The causes, effects, and solutions of the caste system in India are described below:
The main reason for creating the caste system in India is the caste assignment based on professional specialization. Four classes of the caste system: Four classes include:
- Brahmins – priesthood class.
- Kshatriyas – a class of warriors and rulers.
- Vaishyas – a commercial class.
- Sudras – the lowest of four traditional classes involved in household members and workers, etc.
The caste system has many disadvantages, such as:
- Promotes inequality
- Undemocratic by nature
- False differentiation in superiority and inferiority
- It increases the difference between people from the upper and lower caste.
- People fall victim to the caste.
Education will help people realize the disadvantages of the caste system. There is a need for broad social change for equality. There should include special classes in schools that give children value and moral education. Thanks to better learning and economic progress, people belonging to different castes mix and cooperate.
Poverty means a situation in which it does not fulfill the basic needs of people. This is a vicious circle and means no money or material goods.
The significant causes of poverty are:
When resources and opportunities are limited, and the population is high, there is an unemployment situation that ultimately leads to poverty.
Poor people will always have to rely on others to survive. Poor food quality can lead to poor nutrition. Poor people have less freedom to choose their profession. Poverty can affect the morality and self-esteem of people living in extreme difficulties. It also causes stress, which ultimately affects interpersonal relationships.
Low living standards prevail among poor people. When many people live in poverty, the opportunities for developing the country’s economy become limited. Increasing employment opportunities can control debt.
The government should take further steps towards charity, trust, and some transparency when spending money in these social institutions. The education system should reform and initiatives to attract more children to attain the school.
3. Child labor
Child labor is a system of involving children in any business activity. Child labor means involving underage children. The main reasons for child labor in India are:
- Illiteracy and
- A low standard of living
If the above problems resolve by Indian society, then the country will have fewer social issues. When the family is poor, they often have no choice but to send their children to work. Because of parents’ unemployment, children do not receive the proper education and forces to engage in child labor.
Adverse effects of child labor are:
Child labor is a cruel practice. It hinders personal development, destroys their childhood. Child labor deprives the opportunity to play, make friends, dreams, relax, and enjoy all critical aspects of a healthy, desirable childhood. Children are the upcoming pillars of the country and engaging them in child labor will weaken these pillars.
The primary solution to the problem of child labor is:
Provide education and knowledge to children. If the parent’s income increases, children get an education. The government will have to take further steps to enforce labor law properly. As the employment opportunity of adults will increase, it reduces child labor.
Child labor is an unfortunate and disturbing phenomenon that unfortunately still needs to be eliminated in many parts of the world, including India.
Illiteracy describes the inability to read and/or write. Because of the problem of unemployment and poverty, children have no chance of proper education. Many people remain illiterate because of physical or mental disabilities. Other social evils like the caste system and gender inequalities also cause illiteracy. One of the leading causes of crime is illiteracy.
Most illiterate people are unaware of the advantages of maintaining cleanliness and hygiene. Illiterates have difficulty in getting a good job and earning. Overpopulation is a massive increase in the number of people and is causing by some factors.
The only and best way to eliminate illiteracy from society is education. The government should take steps to promote free education for the backward class of society in government schools. The government is also looking at the fact that people receive fair pay for their work.
5. The dowry system
Dowry is one of the worst practices widespread in Indian society. There is a tradition of asking for a dowry at the time of marriage and greed among the groom’s family for quick and easy money. People are also asking for a dowry to keep up status.
The main problems of the dowry system in society are:
The bride’s family, which usually belongs to the middle and low classes, face its bitter side. Parents often take out a loan for their daughter’s marriage. Most times, observing the lousy situation of their parents, the bride becomes mentally affected. Sometimes psychological torture caused by dowry leads to suicidal tendencies.
6. Religious conflicts:
Religious conflicts are among the most severe social issues today.
The difference in beliefs: people belonging to different religions have different views.Lack of education: People who want to spread violence in the name of religion can easily mislead illiterate people. Sometimes, conflicts between communities lead to violence and crime.
The solution to religious violence lies only in the hands of Societies.
7. Children’s marriage
Child marriage in India has been practiced for centuries, and children are married before their physical and mental maturity. Regardless of its roots, child marriage is a gross violation of human rights, leaving physical, psychological, and emotional scars for life.
Second, economically weak and large families encourage this practice because it helps to send girls early. While the boy’s marriage provides additional help in household and business operations.
Awareness-raising: all stakeholders should be alert and convinced of the adverse effects of child marriage. Checking loopholes in law: shortcomings need to be corrected to strengthen the law.
8. Gender Inequality
The problem of gender inequality is historical. The sociological reality behind this structure is the transition from a matriarchal society, which is more egalitarian, to a patriarchal society.
Although economic and technological progress has changed the social structure, the problem of gender inequality still exists, even in modern, urbanized societies.
The problem of the education system
In all areas of men-dominated society, including the structure of the state, the education system, the health care system, security forces, and the judiciary, there is a male culture and a sense of power.
In the education system, equal opportunities must be guaranteed for all children, regardless of gender, and the government should ensure this practice is implemented.
The program should be non-discriminatory and textbooks, especially in terms of language, should be prepared under the principles of gender equality.
9. Domestic violence against women
This form of domestic violence is the most common. The most common causes of harassment and torture of women are dissatisfaction with the dowry and abusing women for more, arguing with a partner, refusing sex with him, neglecting children, leaving home without telling the partner, improper cooking or on time, engaging in new matters, not caring for my parents-in-law, etc.
Many other factors in urban areas lead to differences at the beginning and then are domestic violence. Violence against young widows is also increasing in India.
Other forms of physical abuse of women also include beating, grabbing, burdening them with bullying, public humiliation, and neglecting health problems.
Although the concept of food security was coined 17 years ago, humanity has been fighting hunger and thrust since ancient times. A new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty and set several time-bound targets with a deadline of 2015, known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), is expected to give new impetus to the cause of food security.
The reasons for this disturbing phenomenon are different in each case. The physical availability of food at both macro and micro levels can be negatively affected due to the lack of local production, natural and human-made disasters, seasonal changes, water scarcity, poor infrastructure, insufficient storage capacity, stockpiling, and even legal problems.
However, factors that impede food absorption include a lack of clean drinking water, inadequate health, hygiene and sanitation, a low level of literacy and a fiscal cushion for governments for public sector development programs that would help ensure essential service delivery.
Terrorism not only kills the innocent but it also undermines democratic governance, even in mature democracies such as the United States and much of Europe, India, and other parts of the world.
To eliminate the threat that terrorism poses to democracy, the United States and its allies should continue to emphasize sharing intelligence and make such efforts.
12. Sexual harassment and the violation of women’s rights
Violence against women and girls is a severe violation of human rights. Decades of mobilization of civil society and women’s movements have put the end of gender-based violence high on the list of national and international priorities.
We should work with governments to develop particular national action plans to prevent and counter-violence against women, strengthening coordination between the actors required for lasting and meaningful operation.
13. Sexual exploitation of children
In recent years, it reflects the reality of how child pornography is produced. Sexual exploitation of children is a severe problem in our society, and it happens more often than people realize it.
Based on reports submitted to Cybertip, the Studies show that most criminals do not have criminal records. The sexual exploitation of children covers a wide range of behaviors and situations.
This is a practice in which people from the lower caste are kept far away, deprived of social equality and suffering from touch disabilities. These are considered contaminating or polluting the people of the higher castes.
The word “untouchable” refers to a despised and degraded portion of the Hindu population. Untouchables occupy the lowest place in society and have been subjecting to various types of social, cultural, and other restrictions. Eve Govt has been worked a lot on this issue, but few are still happening in rural areas.
15. Child trafficking
Child trafficking is a crime that uses girls and boys for many purposes, including forced labor and sex. It is associated with criminal activity and corruption. Further, smuggling and exploitation are posing an increasing risk to children worldwide.
When human trafficking occurs, children are often victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation or for work, such as domestic service, factory work, agricultural work, mining, or forced to fight conflicts.
Overpopulation is a condition in which the human population increases to the extent that exceeds the carrying capacity of the ecological system. In an overcrowded environment, the number of people is higher than the number of necessary survival materials, such as transportation, water, shelter, food, or social facilities. This is regularly contributing to the deterioration of the environment, the quality of life, and even the collapse of the ecosystem.
Conclusion of Essay on Social Issues in India
Society can solve social issues themselves. These issues make up a barrier to the progress of society, which is why we should work together to end them. If we do not unite against them, social issues will continue to grow. It can be solved only through mass consciousness, education, humanity, and a positive attitude.
I hope you like this Essay on Social Issues for Students.