In this article, we have published an Essay on Women Education in India for Students and Children 1100 Words. It includes history factors affecting women education.
Introduction (Essay on Women Education In India)
Education is a basic birth-right of every child in India, as per the Constitution of India. But the state of women education in India is still a struggle and is considered being an unnecessary indulgence. Even though it’s a fundamental right, there is a considerable gap between the gender literacy rates when compared to each state in India.
For example, Kerala has 92.07% of the female literacy rate, while Bihar has only 51.05% female literacy rate. The overall literacy rate of females in India is much low compared to the world average female literacy rate.
The Education of Women plays a vital role in the development of society; it improves the quality of life. Educated women promote girl-child education but also provide better guidance to children.
History of Women Education in India
During the Vedic period, women in India had access to education, but over a while, they have gradually lost the right. During the British period, there was a revival of interest in women’s education in India.
During the period, there were many prominent Indian eminent persons like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar, etc. who had emphasized women’s education in India. Leaders of lower caste-like Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, and Periyar were some prominent leaders who made education available to the women’s of India.
After the independence of India 1947, the Indian Government took steps to provide various measures for the education of women in India. As a result, over the decades, the literacy rate of women in India has gradually increased.
Women Education in Rural India
Even though there is a 64% female literacy rate in urban India, the rural women’s literacy rate is half, i.e., approximately 31%. Because of this low rate of women’s literacy, it is not only harming the life of the women but also in their family and country’s economic development.
Various studies have shown the ill effects of illiterate women like low fertility rate, poor living standards, poor nutritional standards, and little autonomy within the household. For instance, in the recent survey, we have found it that the infant mortality rate is inversely related to the mother’s education level.
Factors affecting Women Education in India
The woman’s education across the Indian is not uniform because of the following factors-
1. Higher Education System:
Even though India boasts the third-largest higher education system after the US & China, it is surprising that woman’s record a lower presence across most institutions of higher education. There is a significant gender disparity, especially in rural areas.
2. Geographical difference:
The literacy rate is not uniform throughout the states of India. Compared to the northern states, the southern states are more proactive towards the schemes of women’s education in India.
3. Vocational and Technical Education:
The students choose vocational education as its aim is to provide the students with access to programs that will help them to gain employment. Though the Government of India has only setup technical institutes for women of India, which will provide them training in the textile, food, pharmacy technology, commercial art, etc. women are not taking part in these institutes.
Improvements needs to increase Women education in India
Out of the 128 countries, India is ranked on 105 in the Education of All Development Index. There is considerable effort to be done to improve the education system of India, and special attention needs to be given to women’s access to education. An attempt is being made to remove the psychological, social, and structural barriers so that most women can take part in the education system.
Even though various organizations and government schemes are engaged to sensitize the local population for the need for women’s education, they will resist sending the girls to school for education. Unless the parents understand the importance of sending their girl child for education, they will use them as a helping hand in their household chores or agricultural activities.
One way to ensure that families are interested is to ensure that the school comes to them rather than sending their girls to school far away from home by implementing mobile schools in rural India.
The Indian Government has started many strategies and reforms for the betterment of women’s education. But now we have to think of simple measures that can help improve the status of women education in India. It can be enhanced if we start from every home.
10 important lines on Women education in India
Here are some following elements of consideration for factors in the women education in India:
- Although girls are enrolled at the beginning of the year in rural India as the year progresses, they dropped out of school.
- In rural India, girls are often taken out of school so that they can take care of their younger siblings while the parents work in the field to cultivate the crops.
- In India, if the family has to choose between the education of son and daughter because of the financial restriction, the son will be selected.
- 4. The scarcity of female teachers has also played a potential obstacle in a girl’s education.
- We shouldn’t consider a girl child as a burden
- Similar opportunities need to be provided to both the gender of the child.
- Stop thinking that cooking, laundry, and other household jobs are for women only.
- Women need to be treated with respect and not to be categorized as inferior.
- Talk to our domestic helpers/drivers and encourage them to send their children to school without any discrimination.
- Encourage our friends/relatives not to stop the education of the girl just because she has got a great match and needs to get married.
Though there are many barriers to women’s education, there are many initiatives to improve the status of women education in India. It is not only the government job but also ours as an individual and human being to lend a hand to improve women’s education in India.
People are joining the movement as per their capacity, and it is a hope that over the period, there will be an improvement in women’s education in India, and a time will come that there will be no disparity.