Introduction on Natural Resources (Types, Importance, Effects, Conservation)

In this article, we have explained about Natural resource and Its types, classification, importance, effects, and conservation of natural resources.

Introduction on Natural Resources

Do we all care about our natural resources? The answer is no. Even inexhaustible these are on the brink of exhaustion due to pollution and other environmental problems.

We must realize the importance of these natural resources before it is too late. In this article, we will see some important aspects of natural resources.

What are Natural Resources?

Natural resources are resources that have been available in nature since the beginning of time. These resources do enable life on earth. Life on our planet cannot be possible without it such as air, sunlight, and water. Other natural resources are equally important and have become an integral part of our lives.

These resources have been using for various applications. While natural resources meet the basic needs of human and other living beings on earth, they also form the basis for deriving multiple things. These things make life easier and more comfortable. 

Types of Natural resources

Classification of natural resources done in two types-

1. Renewable natural resources

Renewable resources are those that are regularly available, regardless of their use. They can be recovered or replaced after use. Examples include vegetation, water, and air. Animals can also be classified as renewable resources because they can be bred and bred to produce offspring to replace older animals.

Because these resources are renewable, it can take tens to hundreds of years to replace them. Renewable raw materials that come from live animals, namely animals and trees, are referred to as organic, renewable resources. While those come from inanimate things, such as sun, water, and wind, are referred to as inorganic renewable resources.

2. Non-renewable natural resources

Non-renewable resources are those that cannot only be replaced or recovered after they have been used or destroyed. Examples of such natural resources include minerals and fossil fuels.

Minerals are classified as non-renewable because although they are naturally formed in the rock cycle, the periods of their formation last for thousands of years. Some animals, mainly endangered species, are similarly considered non-renewable because they are on the verge of extinction.

3. Natural resources as stock

Inventory natural resources are those that are present in the environment but are the necessary expertise or technology to exploit them. Hydrogen is an example of a natural stock resource. Today, man cannot imagine life without most of them. Here is a focus on the various ways to use It:

Sunlight: it uses to generate solar energy that uses in multiple devices. Sunlight also enables photosynthesis by that the survival and growth of plants occur.

Air: Air uses to generate wind energy. Windmills use to make them and apply for a variety of purposes, such as pumping water and grinding grain, etc.

Water: it is used to generate hydroelectric energy. It also serves for various cleaning and cooking tasks.

Minerals: Minerals are used to generate several items that are using in our daily lives. Wires, aluminum cans, and car parts belong to some things made of different types of minerals. Minerals such as silver and gold are used to make jewelry.

Natural gases: It is used to generate electricity. They are also using in the kitchen for cooking.

Coal: This is another natural resource used to generate electricity.

Plants: Plants offer a range of natural resources such as wood, fruit, and vegetables. While fruits and vegetables are necessary to maintain living beings, wood is used to make various furniture, paper, and other products.

Animals: Animals also provide numerous natural resources. They produce milk that is used to make cottage, cheese, butter, and many other dairy products. Animal fur and skin are further using to get different clothes and other necessary things. Wool sweaters, hats, leather belts, bags, and bedding, are some of the items made from natural animal resources.

Importance of Natural Resources

There should be given everyone an equal opportunity to use resources for the benefit of humanity. You should not selfishly spend available resources without thinking about your fellow man.

There is no limit to spend natural resources if they are available. But at the same time, you should be aware that natural resources are non-renewable sources. The future also depends on such resources.

Every person should think of himself as a world, think of himself or a world citizen. The whole world is a family, and everyone is dependent on each other for a better life.

Mother Earth gives enough for everyone to meet minimal needs, but not enough to use. Every person has a role in protecting natural resources, e.g., in the consumption of water, electricity, wood, food, etc.

Water is life, and every drop is valuable in a similar way, wood should use so as not to damage the forest sourcing more than needed. Balance use of resources should be for sustainable lifestyles.

Everyone has the right to live and use natural resources in this world. All living creatures belong to mother earth, and all have access to their resources. All these resources, such as land, energy, food, minerals, water, forest, etc., must be distributed relatively for the balanced lifestyle of all creatures.

 Responsibility rests more with the human population because they have the power of thinking and wisdom to judge the good, and man should realize that he is not alone in this world. Other users are also available. Therefore, responsibility should rest with the whole man for the fair use of natural resources for the sustainable lifestyle of all on this mother earth.

Effects of developments on the ecosystem

The disease spread through the environment. Human activity has weakened the protective ozone layer. Overuse of natural resources such as land, water, minerals, coal, oil, etc., the development has reduced it.

This led to a global warning. Toxic pollution is adding to the environment. It has caused loss of biodiversity or genetic erosion.

Conservation of Natural Resources

The consumption of natural resources is increasing, and its quantity is decreasing. Deforestation has caused a loss of energy resources. Regional and international resources conservation capabilities are not correctly organizing. They must have a common conservation strategy.

Maintaining basic ecological processes, i.e., recycling the food chain of mineral resources, etc. and life support system – soil, air, water, pond, plants, animals, etc. Ensuring the availability and sustainability of resources that assume the survival of all species is healthy and secure.

Save Water

To protect water. Keep taps closed when not in use. Use less water-consuming toilets. Watering plants to do during evening trips. Use of drip irrigation systems and sprinkler irrigation, etc.

Water treatment for irrigation. Water should be used carefully and economically for domestic, household, and industrial use.

Saving energy

The use of an alternative energy source and the development of renewable energy sources, such as solar energy, seawater energy, wind energy, tidal energy, nuclear energy, etc. for our energy needs. 

Caution in using fuels: we should be cautious in using fuels to get energy. Fossil fuels should only apply when no other alternative source is available to us. Fossil fuel should be saved as much as possible. We should avoid the wastage of energy.

Prevent misuse: We should use the most efficient fuels available. Most heating devices, such as stoves, clothes, etc., should be used.

Protecting the Soil

  • Through green management
  • By biological nitrogen fixation
  • Together, they provide minerals through decomposition and animal droppings.

Soil erosion prevention:

  • By crop rotation. 
  • By plants develop such as grasses, legumes, groundnuts, etc.
  • By creating appropriate outlet channels for draining floodwater
  • By renting on the slopes to reduce water speed to control soil erosion


In short, these resources are significant for our existence as well as for the development of the country. Maintaining these resources will help open up new opportunities that are necessary for the country’s economic growth. As with development, the degree of pollution has also increased significantly. These pollutants are harmful to all depleted and inexhaustible natural resources.

The reduction of these natural resources will gradually make our planet unbearable for all living things. So these are not only useful in raw form but are also helpful when used to generate other things. People should use these resources in the best possible way to make life better.