Essay on India for Students and Children in 1000 Words

In this article, we have published an Essay on India for Students and Children in 1000 Words. It includes, geography, about flag, literature, science, identity culture, tourist places, famous personality, and 10 lines on India.

Introduction (Essay on India – 1000 Words)

India is a country of great diversity & culture. People of diverse castes, creed, religion, and cultures are found here living together. That’s why India is called ‘unity in diversity’.

People in India speak many different languages, but the national language of the country is Hindi. In terms of area, it is the seventh-largest country in the world.


India is also called Bharat, Hindustan, and also its ancient name is Aryavart. India is a peninsular country. It is occupied by oceans from three areas. In the east is the ‘Bay of Bengal’, in the south ‘the Indian Ocean’ and ‘the Arabian Sea’ in the west. 

The national animal of India is tiger, the national bird of India is the peacock, and the national fruit of India is mango. Hockey is said to be the national sport of the country. “Jana Gana Mana” is declared as the National Anthem of the nation, and the national song is “Vande Mataram”.

Flag of India

The national flag of India is tricolour and is called Tiranga. It consists of three colours which are Saffron, White, and Green.

The uppermost part of the flag is of saffron color, and it symbolizes purity. The color of the middle portion of the flag is white, and it stands for peace. The lowermost portion of the flag is of green color, which stands for fertility.

The middle portion of white colour has an Ashoka chakra of blue colour inscribed on it, which consists of equally divided 24 spokes. The Indian subcontinent is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories.

Literature and science

India is a land of many famous personalities of literature and science like Rabindra Nath Tagore, CV Raman, Prem Chand Sarat Chandra, Jagdish Chandra Bose, Homi Jehangir Bhabha, and Dr. Abdul Kalam.

A major part of the country is divided into villages and fields. Mighty rivers like Ganga, Godavari, Kaveri, Yamuna, Narmada etc. flows through the country. Further, the Gangetic valley is considered the most fertile region of the country.

The country is surrounded by the oceans from three sides and by the Himalayas in the northern side, which forms a natural frontier. India is a secular country, and all religions thrive here without any hindrance.

The Indian culture has been inherited through centuries, and there is unity in diversity. People in India speak many languages, worship many Gods, but the spirit of nationality is the same throughout the country, which binds the people of the nation together. India also has many tourist spots which are visited by lakhs of foreigners every year.

Identity of India

India is a peninsular country, which means it is surrounded by oceans from three sides. India has a very long coastline due to which it has trade benefits with other countries. India shares land boundaries with seven countries, and they are China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

Cultures and Languages

India is a land of numerous traditions and religions such as Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Muslim, Sikh, etc. All religions thrive here and are free to perform their belief. Churches, temples, and mosques are found throughout the country. 

India is first and foremost in the thoughts of people. People have much affection for the country. People of various castes, religions, creeds, and cultures live together in the country. This is the reason that this country is called ‘unity in diversity‘.

India is a country well known for its spirituality, science, philosophy, diversity, culture, and technology. India is also famous for farming and agriculture, which forms the backbone of the country. India exports produced food grains throughout the world. 

Rice, cotton, jute, sugar, tea, and dairy products are the major things that India exports throughout the world. It is the leading producer of milk in the world. India also exports groundnuts, vegetables, fruits, and fish to various countries. Tourism in India is prevalent due to the presence of beautiful natural and historical monuments.

Tourist Places

India is rich in monuments, churches, tombs, historical places, and various other architecture. These are also a source of income for the nation. Se of the major tourist sites of India are Taj Mahal, the Golden temple, Fatehpur Sikri, Qutub Minar, Ooty, Red fort, Nilgiris, Khajuraho, Kashmir, Ajanta and Ellora caves, etc. 

These are the wonders which exist in the country. It is the country of great rivers, valleys, mountains, plains, lakes, oceans, national parks, and wildlife sanctuaries.

Each state of India has a unique culture of itself and, along with it, has different historical monuments also, which gains tourists’ attraction. The agricultural products of the country mostly include sugarcane, jute, cotton, wheat, rice, cereals, and many other crops.

Famous Personality

India is a country of great leaders, freedom fighters, scientists, writers, poets, and many different professionals.

The Indian soldiers protect the country by guarding at the border. Great leaders like Chhatrapati Shivaji, Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, and great scientists like Dr. Jagadeesh Chandra Bose, Dr. C.V Raman, Dr. Homi Bhabha, Dr. Naralikar, and great reformers like Mother Teresa, T.N Seshan, Pandurang Shastri Alphaville took birth in India.

India is a secular nation. Followers of various religions breathe happily in her lap. India has a unique culture that has developed over the centuries.

10 Lines on India

1. The ‘Republic of India‘ is a peninsular country located in Asia. India is surrounded by water from three sides.

2. India is the seventh-largest country of the world in terms of area, and it has 7 neighboring countries.

3. India is the 2nd largest populated country, as seen in the worldwide scenario, with around 1.3 billion people.

4. The ‘Arabian Sea’ in the west, ‘Indian Ocean’ in the south, and ‘Bay Of Bengal’ in the east surrounds the country.

5. ‘The Himalayas’ are present in the northern part of the country.

6. A number of rivers flow through mainland India namely, Ganga, Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Narmada, Cauvery, and the Godavari.

7. The National Flag is rectangular in shape consisting of three colors which are Saffron, white and green, with an ‘Ashoka Chakra’ in the middle.

8. The national emblem is ‘Lion Capital of Ashoka,’ which is at ‘Sarnath.’ At the bottom of this is written “Satyamev Jayate,” which means truth alone triumphs.

9. National Anthem is “Jana Gana Mana,” composed by Rabindranath Tagore.

10. The National song is “Vande Mataram,” composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.


India is a diverse country. People speak a range of languages and worship different gods. People have national spirit and unity.

I hope you liked this Essay in India.

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